Dental restorative materials and special consideration for the elderly

Authors

  • Tarik Mohammed Ali Alakkad Department of Restorative Dentistry, Al Thager Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Moayad Adnan Diwan Makkah Healthcare Cluster, Ministry of Health, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Khalid Al Sanie Family Dental Medicine, Al Noor Specialist Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Ola Jamal Balkhair King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Faisal Musaad Al Mobarak College of Dentistry, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Rasha Ahmed Badahdah King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulaziz Fahad Bakhsh College of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Norah Rjaa Al Otaibi College of Dentistry, Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Saud Fahad Al Abdulwahed General Dentist, North of Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Haifa Mohammed Al Sharif King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Riyadh Obied Al Anazi Riyadh Second Health Cluster, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233855

Keywords:

Dental caries, Restorative materials, Elderly, Root caries, Oral health

Abstract

With the global population aging, the oral health of elderly individuals faces unique challenges, particularly concerning dental caries. Root caries, in particular, have become a growing concern due to the significant number of retained teeth in older adults. This review delves into the frequency of root caries among older individuals and examines the limitations of existing dental restorative materials, including amalgam, glass ionomer cement, and light-cured composite resin, in meeting the unique requirements of the elderly. It underscores the urgent necessity for improving the antibacterial, bonding, remineralization, strength, and durability characteristics of these materials. Additionally, the study discusses factors related to aging, treatment planning, and special considerations in geriatric dental care. The review also delves into the challenges associated with providing dental care to elderly individuals, including depression, postural hypotension, prescribed drugs, delayed healing, adaptive potential, mucosal quality, and poor plaque control. Moreover, it addresses the role of xerostomia, bruxism, and certain medical conditions in exacerbating dental issues in the elderly. It also introduces novel anticariogenic restorative materials, such as antimicrobial materials, remineralization materials, and self-healing/low-shrinkage materials, highlighting their potential to improve oral health in older individuals.

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Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

Mohammed Ali Alakkad, T., Diwan, M. A., Sanie, M. K. A., Balkhair, O. J., Al Mobarak, F. M., Badahdah, R. A., Bakhsh, A. F., Otaibi, N. R. A., Abdulwahed, S. F. A., Sharif, H. M. A., & Anazi, R. O. A. (2023). Dental restorative materials and special consideration for the elderly. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(1), 381–386. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233855

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Section

Review Articles