Prevalence of dysmenorrhoea and its management strategies among females: a cross-sectional study in the tribal district, Koraput


  • Sunita Jena Department of Public Health, Sunrise University, Alwar, Rajasthan, India
  • Krushna Chandra Sahoo Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Binod Kumar Patro All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, Sijua, Patrapada, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Sandeep Kumar Tripathy SLN Medical College, Koraput, Odisha, India
  • Ramanand Pandit Department of Public Health, Sunrise University, Alwar, Rajasthan, India



Tribal women, Menstruation, Dysmenorrhoea, Menstruation, Menarche, Cultural practices


Background: Menstruation is a major and frequently incapacitating health problem that affects women all over the world. Tribal communities often possess unique cultural, socioeconomic, and healthcare disparities, which can affect the experience of dysmenorrhea in these populations. This paper presents an exploration of dysmenorrhea's prevalence, impact, and management among tribal women

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was adopted with a total of 341 participants with an age range between 15 to 49. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to identify the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea, menstrual characteristics, and strategies to manage dysmenorrhoea. Data collection was done for the period of 4 months (March 2020 to June 2020) and analysed using SPSS version 16.

Results: The study revealed a high prevalence of dysmenorrhea among tribal women (69.25%). The most common symptoms. A multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that a significant association was found between dysmenorrhoea and the presence of a family history of dysmenorrhoea (AOR: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.18-3.42; p=0.009), the odds of developing dysmenorrhoea was 2.01 times higher among the female presence of a family history of dysmenorrhoea than absent and dysmenorrhoea with the presence of the clot (AOR: 2.99; 95% Cl: 1.81-4.94; p=0.000), the odds of developing dysmenorrhoea was 2.99 times higher among the female it history of present clot it than absent.

Conclusions: According to this study, tribal women are not well-prepared to deal with dysmenorrhea. The current findings not only clarify the detrimental effects of social stigma on menstrual health literacy, but they also have significant implications for evaluating and reforming current menstrual education standards.



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How to Cite

Jena, S., Chandra Sahoo, K., Kumar Patro, B., Tripathy, S. K., & Pandit, R. (2024). Prevalence of dysmenorrhoea and its management strategies among females: a cross-sectional study in the tribal district, Koraput. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(2), 794–801.



Original Research Articles