The critical role of diet and nutrition in managing inflammatory bowel disease

Authors

  • Khalid Mohammed Al Ghamdi Department of Gastroenterology, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Husain Ali Alrahma Department of Internal Medicine, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain
  • Faisal Abdulaziz Alkanhal College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Faisal Twairesh Alhamazani College of Applied Medical Sciences Clinical Nutrition Department, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • Ebtehaj Saud Aloraini Department of Dietetics Clinical Nutrition, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Nahed Ghazi Alqadiri Department of Dietetics Clinical Nutrition, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi Department of Internal Medicine, Almadinah General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia
  • Atyaf Ali Thabet College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Riyadh Jamil Ajzaji Department of Internal Medicine, Almadinah General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia
  • Jamal Saeed Nasser College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Hassan Mohammed Almarzooq Primary Healthcare, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Rozana Bawareth Department of Gastroenterology, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233542

Keywords:

IBD, Crohn's disease, Ulcerative colitis, Diet and nutrition, Dietary plan

Abstract

The persistent inflammation during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can severely harm the GI tract. There are several symptoms of IBD, which produce discomfort, frequent bowel movements, blood in stools, loss of weight, and tiredness, which have an impact on the lives of patients and their nutritional health. Managing IBD involves paying attention to diet and nutrition. It is important to identify trigger foods for each individual using methods like keeping food diaries or following plans recommended by dietitians that are low in residue or FODMAPs. Nutritional deficiencies, common in IBD, require attention to prevent malnutrition, muscle wasting, and complications. Having a proper dietary plan and accounting for disease characteristics and patient preferences is essential. Also, medication interactions are important during dietary monitoring. Dehydration, affecting many IBD patients, underscores the importance of maintaining fluid intake. An approach to managing IBD requires teamwork among healthcare professionals, dietitians, and patients. It involves customizing plans and combining them with medical treatments to achieve the best possible control over the disease.

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Published

2023-11-14

How to Cite

Ghamdi, K. M. A., Alrahma, H. A., Alkanhal, F. A., Alhamazani, F. T., Aloraini, E. S., Alqadiri, N. G., Alhawsawi, M. Z., Thabet, A. A., Ajzaji, R. J., Nasser, J. S., Almarzooq, H. M., & Bawareth, R. (2023). The critical role of diet and nutrition in managing inflammatory bowel disease. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(12), 5004–5008. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233542

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Section

Review Articles