Assessment and management of thyroid disorders in primary care


  • Marwah Yakoop Abdullah Department of Family Medicine, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Roaa Ali Alkanderi Department of General Surgery, Al Sabah Hospital, Sabah Health Region, Kuwait
  • Abdulelah Mohammed Alqahtani Alsulaimanyah Primary Healthcare Centre, Second Health Cluster Central Region, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Alhassan Ibrahim Alsayed South Qunfudah Hospital, Qunfudah, Saudi Arabia
  • Sara Talal Alnafisi College of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
  • Manayir Fayez Alorabi College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Sahar Salman Alismail Hospital Administration, Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Saud Aljaber College of Medicine, Visions Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Shyma Abdulaziz Alshabeeb College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Salem Waleed Bin Jabal College of Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
  • Mohammed Saad Almalki Department of Psychiatry, Eradah Complex for Mental Health, Taif, Saudi Arabia



Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Primary care, Thyroid cancer, Thyroid nodules


Thyroid disorders are clinical conditions that affect and are common to millions of individuals worldwide. Thyroid disorders can lead to symptoms and complications such, as tiredness, changes in weight, shifts in mood, heart related issues and difficulties with fertility. Healthcare practitioners who specialize in care have a role in identifying, treating and overseeing patients, with thyroid disorders. This review covers several aspects, such as the clinical complications, diagnostic approaches, and treatment choices for types of thyroid disorders. it's crucial to recognize multiple signs to identify thyroid dysfunction. Different management plans are introduced. Additionally, it explores the challenges and debates surrounding the management of these disorders, such as the screening strategies to adopt the potential use of new biomarkers for diagnosis purposes, the benefits of combination therapy, and how to manage cases with mild or borderline thyroid dysfunction. To sum up, this review offers insights for healthcare professionals to enhance the level of care for patients who have been diagnosed with thyroid disorders.


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How to Cite

Yakoop Abdullah, M., Alkanderi, R. A., Alqahtani, A. M., Alsayed, A. I., Alnafisi, S. T., Alorabi, M. F., Alismail, S. S., Aljaber, M. S., Alshabeeb, S. A., Jabal, S. W. B., & Almalki, M. S. (2023). Assessment and management of thyroid disorders in primary care. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(12), 4962–4966.



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