Importance, indication and safety of maternal immunization
Keywords:Infant, Infectious diseases, Maternal immunization, Pregnancy, Vaccine
Vaccination is a very important spectrum for building immunity to fight certain infections. Doing vaccination on the mother as well as the baby, which safeguards both of them, is known as maternal immunization. After childbirth, babies are prone to get infected by many diseases as their immunity is inferior during that time. Over the years, numerous studies have shown that vaccinating mothers can effectively reduce the risk of illnesses such as smallpox, polio, etc. This vaccination process helps strengthen the body's system and enables it to combat these diseases effectively when necessary. This approach works by boosting the transfer of antibodies from the person to the fetus through the placenta, providing passive immunity to the infant during their initial months of life until they become eligible for their own vaccines. In addition to protecting infants, maternal immunization can also help prevent complications for individuals caused by infections that could impact their health and pregnancy outcomes. This review focuses on discussing the significance, indications, and safety of immunization for diseases that pose a high risk to both pregnant individuals and their infants.
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