Post COVID shift in BMI with special reference to dietary and behavioural pattern among adolescents: a school based study

Authors

  • Dipika M.C. Department of Paediatrics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Sanjay K. Masaraddi Department of Paediatrics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Elizabeth K. E. Department of Paediatrics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Relve P. Verghese Department of Paediatrics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Vijayakumar B. Department of Paediatrics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20234132

Keywords:

Habit, Obesity, Overweight, Post covid-19

Abstract

Background: Covid-19 was a life altering pandemic leading to children getting restricted indoors with online education. This led to a change in dietary and socio-behavioral pattern. Aim were to assess change in post-Covid BMI in comparison to pre-Covid BMI among adolescents and to determine post-Covid dietary and sleeping habits, screen time, physical activity, psycho-behavioral pattern using a structured questionnaire.

Methods: This study was conducted among 108 adolescent and mother dyads studying in a higher secondary school, during November 2022 to March 2023 using a pre-structured questionnaire. Anthropometry measurements were taken and compared with pre-Covid data available in the medical records. Using SPSS 21, analysis was done and association determined using Chi square test (p<0.05 significant).

Results: M:F ratio was 1:0.9. Among dietary pattern compared to pre-Covid 54.6% had increase quantity of food intake, of which 83.05% had increase consumption of JUNCS. 68.5% reported disturbances in sleep pattern. Increase in screen time for non-academic is 74% and 51.9% for academic purposes. 49% preferred leisure activity, 25% preferred moderate and 25.9% preferred vigorous physical activity. 60.1% experienced signs of anxiety. On comparison of pre and post-Covid BMI showed that there was an increase in overweight from 22.2% to 37.9% and obesity from 2.8% to 6.5% and was statistically significant.

Conclusions: There were significant changes in the lifestyle pattern with a double fold increase in overweight and obesity in the post-Covid assessment. This is an eyeopener regarding future burden of non-communicable disease and a warning to impart healthy lifestyle.

References

Parekh BJ, Dalwai SH. Psychosocial impact of covid-19 pandemic on children in India. Indian Pediatr. 2020;57(12):1107.

Zhao Z, Li L, Sang Y. The COVID-19 pandemic increased poor lifestyles and worsen mental health: a systematic review. Am J Transl Res. 2023;15(5):3060-6.

Nour TY, Altintaş KH. Effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on obesity and it is risk factors: a systematic review. BMC Publ Heal. 2023;23(1):1018.

Rawat D, Dixit V, Gulati S, Gulati S, Gulati A. Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on lifestyle behaviour: A review of studies published in India. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2021;15(1):331-6.

Gupta P. The Pandemic and India's Children. Indian Pediatr. 2021;58(7):607-8.

Segre G, Campi R, Scarpellini F, Clavenna A, Zanetti M, Cartabia M, et al. Interviewing children: the impact of the COVID-19 quarantine on children’s perceived psychological distress and changes in routine. BMC Pediatr. 2021;21(1):1-1.

Bodas J, Ollendick TH, Sovani AV. Test anxiety in Indian children: a cross-cultural perspective. Anx Stress Cop. 2008;21(4):387-404.

Gupta P, Shah D, Kumar P. IAP JUNCS Guidelines. Ind Pediatr. 2019;56(9):849-63.

Mehreen TS, Ranjani H, Anitha C, Jagannathan N, Pratt M, Mohan V, et al. Reliability and validity of a physical activity questionnaire for Indian children and adolescents. Ind Pediatr. 2020;57:707-11.

Elizabeth KE. Nutrition and child development. 5th ed. India: Paras Publishers; 2015.

Bustos-Arriagada E, Fuentealba-Urra S, Etchegaray-Armijo K, Quintana-Aguirre N, Castillo-Valenzuela O. Feeding behaviour and lifestyle of children and adolescents one year after lockdown by the COVID-19 Pandemic in Chile. Nutrients. 2021;13(11):4138.

Datta, R., Kundu, K. Effects of COVID-19 Lockdown on Social Life and Sleep of Indian School Going Teenagers. Sleep Vigil. 2021;5:221-6.

Moitra P, Madan J. Impact of screen time during COVID-19 on eating habits, physical activity, sleep, and depression symptoms: A cross-sectional study in Indian adolescents. PLoS ONE. 2022;17(3):e0264951.

Pietrobelli A, Pecoraro L, Ferruzzi A, Heo M, Faith M, Zoller T, et al. Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on lifestyle behaviors in children with obesity living in Verona, Italy: A Longitudinal Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020;28(8):1382-5.

Jha S, Mehendale AM. Increased incidence of obesity in children and adolescents post-COVID-19 pandemic: a review article. Cureus. 2022;14(9):e29348.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

M.C., D., K. Masaraddi, S., K. E., E., P. Verghese, R., & B., V. (2023). Post COVID shift in BMI with special reference to dietary and behavioural pattern among adolescents: a school based study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(1), 244–247. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20234132

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles