Community health practice: the Nigerian model

Authors

  • Doris Atibinye Dotimi Department of Community Health Science, Bayelsa Medical University, Yenagoa, Nigeria
  • Yohanna Wamanyi Department of Community Health Science, Modibbo Adama University, Yola, Nigeria
  • Joel Usen Silas Department of Community Health Science, Wesley University, Ondo, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20234157

Keywords:

Nigeria, Community health practitioners, Community health practice, Primary health care, CHEW, JCHEW, CHO

Abstract

The Nigerian model of community health practice is a unique approach to healthcare delivery that emphasizes the involvement of community members in the planning and implementation of healthcare services. This model is based on the principle that healthcare should be accessible, affordable, and equitable for all members of the community. This review focused on the Nigerian model of community health practice yesterday, today, and in the future. Findings indicated that the Nigerian model of community health practice was established in 1978 and is characterized by the use of community health practitioners who have acquired National Diplomas, Higher National Diploma, Bachelor, Master and Ph.D. degrees in Community Health. They are licensed by the Community Health Practitioners Registration Board of Nigeria to provide basic healthcare services such as health education, preventive care, treatment of common illnesses, maternal and child health services, and family planning at primary health centers and community levels. While the model of community health practice has faced significant challenges, including inadequate funding, lack of infrastructure, and a shortage of trained personnel, it has demonstrated promising results in improving healthcare access and outcomes in rural communities. The Nigerian Model of community health practice holds important lessons for other countries seeking to strengthen their primary healthcare systems.

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Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

Dotimi, D. A., Wamanyi, Y., & Silas, J. U. (2023). Community health practice: the Nigerian model. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(1), 560–565. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20234157

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Section

Review Articles