Prevalence and factors of vocal symptoms amongst school teachers in the United Arab Emirates: a cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Priyanka Naryani College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, U.A.E.
  • Sakina Khuzhaima College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, U.A.E.
  • Javairia Jamil College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, U.A.E.
  • Joudi Sharaf College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, U.A.E.
  • Safa Ubaid College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, U.A.E.
  • Anusha Sreejith Department of Community Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, U.A.E https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-7221

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233746

Keywords:

Vocal symptoms, Teaching, Stress, Tonsillitis, Weather

Abstract

Background: Teaching is an occupation that mainly relies on one to use one's voice as a tool. Hence, teachers are at a greater risk than most for developing a voice disorder. This study determined the prevalence and risk factors of vocal symptoms among schoolteachers.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 318 teachers and a self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data over six months. The chi-square test was used to assess the association. Logistic regression was used to determine the degree of association. P≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Informed consent was taken from all participants, and ethics approval was obtained from the International Review of Boards Committee.

Results: 77.4% of the teachers suffered from vocal difficulties during their teaching careers. Years of teaching, class size, and behavioral factors such as stress, exerting extra muscular pressure while talking, speaking in a loud tone, weather conditions, and health conditions such as tonsillitis were significantly associated with the prevalence of vocal symptoms in teachers.

Conclusions: The prevalence of vocal symptoms was found to be very high. It was directly proportionate to the number of years of teaching; behavioral factors such as talking loudly, being stressed while teaching, and applying extra pressure on the neck muscles and weather conditions all impacted acquiring vocal symptoms.

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Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

Naryani, P., Khuzhaima, S., Jamil, J., Sharaf, J., Ubaid, S., & Sreejith, A. (2023). Prevalence and factors of vocal symptoms amongst school teachers in the United Arab Emirates: a cross-sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(12), 4560–4565. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233746

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Section

Original Research Articles