Hearing assessment in mobile phone users

Authors

  • Dimple Sahni Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Parvinder Singh Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Puneet Sharma Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Amandeep Kaur Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Priya Sahni Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Shri. Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar, Punjab, India
  • Harshit Sahni Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233789

Keywords:

DPOAE, Electromagnetic waves, Mobile phones, PTA, Sensorineural hearing loss

Abstract

Background: Mobile phones have become an indispensable part of today's modern world. But with various day-to-day benefits, mobile phones also bring detrimental effects on the health of users. Ear being the closest organ in contact with phones, faces maximum effect of electromagnetic waves generated by them. Chronic exposure to these waves and sounds can result in permanent hearing loss. Hence, the present study was done to assess the association between hearing loss and duration of mobile usage.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on mobile phone users between the age group of 20 and 40 years in the Department of ENT, Rajindra Hospital, Patiala over 6 months (1 August 2022 to 31 January 2023). 600 volunteers were involved and divided into three groups based on the duration of mobile phone usage. Pure tone audiometry and DPOAE were used to assess the hearing loss in these subjects.

Results: A variable degree of hearing loss was observed on PTA and DPOAE in all three groups with a significant association between hearing loss and the duration of mobile phone usage. A higher proportion of sensorineural hearing loss was observed in the group with mobile phone usage of more than 1 hour per day for a minimum of 4 years as compared to those who used them for <1 hour per day for a minimum of 4 years and control group (p=0.001) which was significant statistically.

Conclusions: People using mobile phones for long hours are at higher risk of developing hearing loss, especially in the dominant ear.

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Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

Sahni, D., Singh, P., Sharma, P., Kaur, A., Sahni, P., & Sahni, H. (2023). Hearing assessment in mobile phone users. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(12), 4849–4853. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233789

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Section

Original Research Articles