Types, prevalence, management, and outcome of maxillofacial tumors

Authors

  • Hussam Hussain Shawly King Abdullah Medical Complex, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Wed Abdulrahman Softah Department of Dental Services, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Haitham Mohammed Sharrahi College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • Asma Husain Alenezi College of Dentistry, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • Zayed Monif Alshaibani West Riyadh Dental Center, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Raghad Alrawi Alruwili College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Turki Ayyad AlOtaibi College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Seham Saleh Alamer College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulrahman Ibrahim Alsanea Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, King Khalid Hospital, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • Shoug Mefawez Alshammari College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Alaa Abdulhamid Khojah Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233128

Keywords:

Maxillofacial tumors, Diagnosis, Management, Epithelial tumors, Soft tissue tumors, Odontogenic tumors, Hematologic tumors, Bone tumors, Prevalence, Prognosis

Abstract

Maxillofacial tumors constitute a diverse group of pathologic disorders with various histological types and clinical behaviours. The causes of head and neck tumors involve a combination of environmental factors and genetic predisposition. Although less frequent in children and adolescents, they still represent approximately 3% to 10% of head and neck tumor cases worldwide. Accurate diagnosis and management are crucial for favourable outcomes. The tumors can be categorized into epithelial, soft tissue, odontogenic, hematologic, and bone tumors, each with distinct characteristics and treatment approaches. The prevalence of these tumors varies based on location, age, and gender. A multidisciplinary approach, including surgery, medical treatments, radiation therapy, and palliative care, is often required for managing these tumors. Prognosis and outcomes depend on tumor type, stage, and individual factors, with early diagnosis and appropriate management contributing to better results. Regular follow-up is essential to detect potential recurrence or metastasis early and provide timely intervention. Individualized evaluation and treatment by qualified medical professionals are vital due to the uniqueness of each case. This review discusses the classification, clinical features, histopathological characteristics, radiographic presentations, treatment options, and prognosis of maxillofacial tumors.

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Published

2023-09-30

How to Cite

Shawly, H. H., Softah, W. A., Sharrahi, H. M., Alenezi, A. H., Alshaibani, Z. M., Alruwili, R. A., AlOtaibi, T. A., Alamer, S. S., Alsanea, A. I., Alshammari, S. M., & Khojah, A. A. (2023). Types, prevalence, management, and outcome of maxillofacial tumors. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(10), 3891–3898. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233128

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Section

Review Articles