The health landscape of central Kerala: insight into adult physical activity, obesity and awareness among rural adults

Authors

  • John G. Aiyankovil Department of Community Medicine, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College, Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
  • Sharon Baisil Department of Community Medicine, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College, Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
  • Paul Daniel Department of Community Medicine, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College, Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233771

Keywords:

Physical activity, Rural population, Body Mass Index, Obesity

Abstract

Background: Body mass index is a widely used index for assessing weight in relation to height, categorizing individuals as underweight, overweight, or obese. Obesity is a pervasive form of malnutrition globally, and Kerala ranks second in India for the highest prevalence of obese individuals, following Punjab. This reflects a growing preference for unhealthy lifestyles, contributing to rising comorbidities and overall ill-health. This study aims to assess the prevalence and relationship between overall physical activity and Body Mass Index among adults in a rural population. It also investigates the attitudes and awareness of the participants regarding obesity and physical activity.

Methods: A sample of 204 individuals aged 18 to 64, from 125 households in the rural area of Kunnackal, participated in this study. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire.

Results: Out of 204 participants, 196 (96.07%) reported adequate physical activity, with 124 of them having a normal BMI. A higher prevalence of obesity was observed in the low physical activity group. Most participants demonstrated an understanding of the causes of obesity and the role of physical activity in maintaining a healthy life.

Conclusions: Our study found that 96.07% of participants had adequate physical activity, and the majority (124) had a normal BMI. No significant association was observed between BMI and age, gender, or occupation. Most participants showed awareness of the causes of obesity and the importance of physical activity in promoting health.

References

Body Mass Index Definition. Available at: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/ diseaseprevention/nutrition/a-healthy-lifestyle/body-mass-index-bmi. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

Obesity and overweight. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ obesity-and-overweight. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

Kalra S, Unnikrishnan A. Obesity in India: The weight of the nation. Journal of medical nutrition and nutraceuticals. 2012;1(1):37.

International Institute for Population Sciences. Available at: https://ruralindiaonline.org/en/library/ resource/national-family-health-survey-nfhs-4-2015-16-india/. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

National Family Health Survey. Available at: https://main.mohfw.gov.in/. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16 India. Available at: https://main.mohfw.gov.in/. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

National Health Profile, 2011. Available at: https://main.mohfw.gov.in/. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

Gregg E. Secular Trends in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors According to Body Mass Index in US Adults. JAMA. 2005;293(15):1868.

Curioni C, André C, Veras R. Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006;2:32-8.

Wang Y, Simpson J, Wluka A, Teichtahl A, English D, Giles G, et al. Relationship between body adiposity measures and risk of primary knee and hip replacement for osteoarthritis: a prospective cohort study. Arthr Res Ther. 2009;11(2):31.

McTiernan A. Obesity and cancer: the risks, science, and potential management strategies. Oncology. 2005;19(7):871-81.

McGee D. Body mass index and mortality: a meta-analysis based on person-level data from twenty-six observational studies. Ann Epidemiol. 2005;15(2):87-97.

Blair S, Brodney S. Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: current evidence and research issues. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1999;31(1):S646.

Lee O, Lee D, Lee S, Kim Y. Associations between physical activity and obesity defined by waist-to-height ratio and body mass index in the Korean Population. Plos One. 2016;11(7):e0158245.

Physical activity. Available at: https://www.who. int/health-topics/physical-activity#tab=tab_1. Accessed on 20 February 2023.

Singh S, Kaushal S, Benjamin A, Issac R. Prevalence and Association of Physical Activity with Obesity: An Urban, Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. Indian J Community Med. 2015; 40(2):103.

Leon A. Leisure-time physical activity levels and risk of coronary heart disease and death. The Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. JAMA. 1987;258(17):2388-95.

Bindhu A, Thankam K, Jose R, Beevi N, Haran J. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in a rural area in Trivandrum: A cross-sectional study. Semantic Scholar J. 2021.

Xu F, Wang X, Xiang D, Wang Z, Ye Q, Ware R. Awareness of knowledge and practice regarding physical activity: A population-based prospective, observational study among students in Nanjing, China. Plos One. 2017;12(6):e179.

Downloads

Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

Aiyankovil, J. G., Baisil, S., & Daniel, P. (2023). The health landscape of central Kerala: insight into adult physical activity, obesity and awareness among rural adults. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(12), 4733–4738. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233771

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles