A study on prevalence and socio demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity among high school children of Raichur city
Keywords:Overweight, Obesity, BMI, High school, Childhood, Raichur
Background: Overweight/obesity among children is an emerging public health problem in our country. Overweight/obesity is a form of development-driven malnutrition that is emerging among all ages and socio-economic groups. Childhood overweight/obesity is a risk factor for later adult diseases and is associated with impaired health during childhood itself which may continue untreated for many years. The belief that overweight/obesity was the problem of developed countries alone is no longer true. India is one of the developing countries showing emerging and rising trends of overweight/obesity.
Methods: A cross sectional study was undertaken in high schools of Raichur city. Data was collected by interviewing 1900 study subjects using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire and by physical examination. The data was analyzed using percentages, proportions, odds ratio and Chi-square test with the help of Epi Info 7 software.
Results: Prevalence of overweight and obesity among high school children of Raichur city was found to be 4.57% and 5.11% respectively. Significant association of overweight/obesity was found with gender, age, religion, socio-economic status, parent’s education, type of diet and physical exercise.
Conclusions: Considering association of overweight/obesity with various risk factors, preventive measures like lifestyle modifications, changes in dietary pattern and regular exercise should be promoted in these age group children.
Shetty PS, Obesity in Children in Developing Societies: Indicator of Economic Progress or a Prelude to a Health Disaster. Indian Pediatr.1999;36:11-5.
Ulijaszek SJ. A disorder of convenience. Obesity Rev. 2007;8(1):183-7.
Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S. Genetic factors in human obesity. Obesity Rev. 2007;8(1):37-40.
Rahim HF, Rmeileh NME, Husseine A, Ottesen GH, Jervell J, Bjertness E. Obesity and selected co-morbidities in an urban Palestinian population. Int J Obesity. 2001;25:1736.
Ashok NC, Kavitha HS, Kulkarni P. A comparative study of nutritional status between government and private primary school children of Mysore city. Int J Health Allied Sci. 2014;3(3):164-9.
Kotian MS, Kumar G, Kotian SS. Prevalence and determinants of overweight /obesity among adolescent school children of south Karnataka, India. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(1):176-8.
Dietary guidelines for Indians-A manual. Available at: https://www.nin.res.in/downloads/DietaryGuidelinesforNINwebsite.pdf. Accessed on 20 February 2023.
Premanath M, Basavanagowdappa H, Shekar MA, Vikram SB, Narayanappa D. Mysore childhood obesity study, Indian Pediatr. 2010;47:171-3.
Kalpana CA, Lakshmi UK. Prevalence of overweight/obesity among school children in Coimbatore city, Tamil Nadu. Int J Curr Res. 2011;3(8):12-6.
Preetam BM. Study of childhood obesity among school children aged 6 to 12 years in union territory of Puducherry. Indian J Community Med. 2011;36(1):45-50.
El-Hazmi MA, Warsy AS. The prevalence of obesity and overweight in 1-18 year-old Saudi children. Ann Saudi Med. 2002;22(5-6):303-7.
La Merrill M, Birnbaum LS. Childhood obesity and environmental chemicals. Mt Sinai J Med. 2011;78(1):22-48.
Strauss RS. Childhood obesity. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2002;49(1):175-201.
Lakshmi UK. Prevalence of overweight/obesity among school children in Coimbatore city, Tamil Nadu. Int J Curr Res. 2011;3(8):12-6.
Chhatwal J, Verma M, Riar SK. Obesity among pre-adolescent and adolescents of a developing country (India). Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2004;13(3):231-5.
Kumar KM. Prevalence of obesity among high school children in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts. Nitte Univ J Health Sci. 2011;1(4):16-20.
Ramachandran A. Prevalence of overweight in urban Indian adolescent school children. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2002;57(3):185-90.
Mohanty B. The prevalence of overweight/obesity in school going children of Pondicherry. Indian J Community Med. 2009;31(4):15-9.
Bharati DR, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. Correlates of overweight & obesity among school going children of Wardha city, Central India. Indian J Med Res. 2008;127(6):539-43.
Laxmaiah A, Nagalla B, Vijayaraghavan K, Nair M. Factors affecting prevalence of overweight among 12- to 17-year-old urban adolescents in Hyderabad, India. Obesity. 2007;15(6):1384-90.
Vohra R, Bhardwaj P, Srivastava JP, Srivastava S, Vohra A. Overweight/obesity among school-going children of Lucknow city. J Family Community Med. 2011;8(2):59-62.
Chaput JP, Brunet M, Tremblay A. Relationship between short sleeping hours and childhood overweight/obesity: results from the 'Québec en Forme' Project. Int J Obes. 2006;30(7):1080-5.
Bullappa A, Mahendra BJ, Harish BR. A study of overweight and obesity in government and private high school children of Mandya city. Int J Sci Study. 2014;2(7):107-10.