A cross sectional survey on COVID-19 vaccination coverage at urban health center of a district in central Gujarat

Authors

  • Margi B. Sheth Department of Community Medicine, GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Gopi K. Kalariya Department of Community Medicine, Dr. M. K. Shah Medical College and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Bharati L. Makwana Department of Community Medicine, Medical College Baroda, Gujarat, India
  • Kalpita S. Shringarpure Department of Community Medicine, Medical College Baroda, Gujarat, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233477

Keywords:

COVID-19, Vaccination coverage, Vaccine hesitancy

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 vaccination can lead to herd immunity when a sufficient proportion of population is vaccinated. Effectiveness of vaccination coverage depends on the population’s willingness to be vaccinated completely. Aim and objective was to estimate COVID-19 vaccination coverage and to determine reasons for its acceptance and non-acceptance in urban field practice area of medical college attached with tertiary care hospital.

Methods: A cross-sectional house to house survey was conducted among the households (n=1346) under an urban health training centre (UHTC) of a medical college in central Gujarat after the second wave of COVID-19. All the beneficiaries above the age of 18 years residing in the house-holds coming under the field area were included in the study. The data was collected using Epi-collect 5 mobile based applications. Beneficiaries who had taken two doses of COVID-19 vaccine were counted as fully immunized. Vaccination coverage was calculated different for first and second dose. Facilitators and barriers for COVID-19 vaccination were shown with appropriate diagram.

Results: Out of the 1832 participants in the survey, vaccination coverage was 78.22% for first dose and 37.23% for second dose. Most common motivation (81%) behind taking vaccination was “good health”. Among the non-users for COVID-19 vaccination, 36.8% did not take the vaccine due to fear of adverse reactions.

Conclusions: Vaccination coverage is average in the urban area surveyed. Majority of the population is motivated to take the vaccine to protect themselves from COVID-19. The main reason for not taking vaccine was fear of side-effect of vaccine.

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Published

2023-10-31

How to Cite

Sheth, M. B., Kalariya, G. K., Makwana, B. L., & Shringarpure, K. S. (2023). A cross sectional survey on COVID-19 vaccination coverage at urban health center of a district in central Gujarat. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(11), 4355–4359. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233477

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Section

Original Research Articles