Impact on quality of life among health care workers: a case-control study of COVID-19 pandemic situation

Authors

  • Surendra Babu Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Khadervali Nagoor Department of Community Medicine, ACSR Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Mood Narayana Department of Pulmonary Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Sudha Bala Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Venkatesham Animalla Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233769

Keywords:

Case control study, COVID-19, Health care workers, Quality of life

Abstract

Background: Quality of Life (QoL) as an individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns.

Methods: A Case-control study was conducted to assess the QoL among health care workers (HCW) during the Covid-19 Pandemic and to compare QOL in cases and controls among HCW. The sample size was calculated to be 98 in each group comes around 196. QOL was assessed by using WHOQOL-BREF scale. The QoL comparison in both Covid-19 positive and negative and its association was done by mean and standard deviation with correlation coefficient using unpaired T test.

Results: Among 196, majority 157 (79.2%) were doctors and 39 (19.8%) were other health care providers like lab technicians and nursing staff.  The health care workers with COVID-19 positive were had low QoL than the negative with respect to physical (46.90±9.60 vs 59.01±15.60), psychological (44.51±7.44 vs 51.13±15.68), social (39.82±15.98 vs 56.11±23.92), and environmental (48.33±10.28 vs 57.57±20.22) domains and all the domains showing highly statistically significant result with the P-value <0.001. The correlation coefficient between four domains was statistically significant and with overall QOL and satisfaction on health.

Conclusions: The QoL was poor among COVID-19 positive patients compared to negative with respect to physical, social, psychological, and environmental and age, marital status and occupation during the covid-19 pandemic.

References

World Health Organization. Programme on Mental Health WHOQOL user Manual division of Mental Health and Prevention of substance abuse, 1998. Available at: https://iris.who.int/handle/10665/77932. Accessed on 12 June 2023.

Fayers PM, Machin D. Quality of Life: The Assessment, Analysis, and Interpretation of Patient-Reported Outcomes. John Wiley & Sons; Hoboken, NJ, USA; 2015.

Yezli S, Khan A. COVID-19 social distancing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Bold measures in the face of political, economic, social and religious challenges. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2020;37:101692.

El Keshky MES, Basyouni SS, Al Sabban AM. Getting through covid-19: the pandemic's impact on the psychology of sustainability, quality of life, and the global economy - a systematic review. Front Psychol. 2020;11:585897.

WHO. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Technical Guidance: Infection Prevention and Control/WASH. Available at: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance/infection-prevention-and-control. Accessed 21 June 2020.

Bottomley A. The cancer patient and quality of life. The Oncologist. 2002;7(2):120-5.

World Health Organization. WHOQOL-BREF: introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment: field trial version, December 1996. World Health Organization; 1996.

Al Dhaheri AS, Bataineh MF, Mohamad MN, Ajab A, Al Marzouqi A, Jarrar AH, et al. Impact of COVID-19 on mental health and quality of life: Is there any effect? A cross-sectional study of the MENA region. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(3):e0249107.

Lau JT, Yang X, Tsui HY, Pang E, Wing YK. Positive mental health-related impacts of the sars epidemic on the general public in hong kong and their associations with other negative impacts. J. Infect. 2006;53(2):114-24.

Tessitore E, Mach F. Impact of COVID-19 on quality of life. Europ Soci Cardiol. 2021;21(22).

Leigh-Hunt N, Bagguley D, Bash K, Turner V, Turnbull S, Valtorta N, et al. An overview of systematic reviews on the public health consequences of social isolation and loneliness. Publ Heal. 2017;152:157-71.

Saltzman LY, Hansel TC, Bordnick PS. Loneliness, isolation, and social support factors in post-COVID-19 mental health. Psychol Trauma Theory Res Pract Policy. 2020;12(S1):S55-7.

Wiederhold BK. Social media use during social distancing. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2020;23(5):275–27.

Khan AG, Kamruzzaman M, Rahman MN, Mahmood M, Uddin MA. Quality of life in the COVID-19 outbreak: influence of psychological distress, government strategies, social distancing, and emotional recovery. Heliyon. 2021;7(3).

Cénat JM, Blais-Rochette C, Kokou-Kpolou CK, Noorishad PG, Mukunzi JN, et al. Prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and psychological distress among populations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psych Res. 2021;295:113599.

Al Zubayer A, Rahman ME, Islam MB, Babu SZ, Rahman QM, Bhuiyan MR, et al. Psychological states of Bangladeshi people four months after the COVID-19 pandemic: an online survey. Heliyon. 2020;6(9):e05057

Gamage N, Senanayake S, Kumbukage M, Mendis J, Jayasekara A. The prevalence of anxiety and its association with the quality of life and illness severity among bipolar affective disorder patients in a developing country. As J Psych. 2020;52:102044.

Uysal M, Sirgy MJ, Woo E, Kim HL. Quality of life (QOL) and well-being research in tourism. Tourism Manag. 2016;53:244-61.

Zhang Y, Ma ZF. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life among local residents in Liaoning Province, China: A cross-sectional study. Inter J Environm Res Publ Heal. 2020;17(7):2381.

Downloads

Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

Babu, S., Nagoor, K., Narayana, M., Bala, S., & Animalla, V. (2023). Impact on quality of life among health care workers: a case-control study of COVID-19 pandemic situation. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(12), 4718–4722. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233769

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles