Quality of life of occupants of old age homes of a northern Indian province


  • Sanjay Kumar Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar Government Medical College Nahan, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Anmol Gupta Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Salig Ram Mazta Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar Government Medical College Nahan, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Deepak Sharma Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College Chandigarh, India
  • Shaina Chamotra Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra at Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Ankit Chaudhary Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra at Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4951-7169




Old Age Homes, Quality of Life, WHOQOL-BREF


Background: Although a physiological phenomenon, ageing has enormous bearing on all the dimensions of health. Against age-old tradition, India is also witnessing a rapid increase in nuclearization of families. Increase in old age homes (OAHs) has been proportional to rising number of admissions in such institutions. In order to understand the phenomenon in a holistic way, the present study evaluated the quality of life of occupants such facilities in state of Himachal Pradesh.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to capture quality of life among the occupants of all seven OAHs of the State. Data was collected using World Health Organisation quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-Bref) instrument consisting of four domains, individual domain and overall scores were compiled; and analysed using appropriate statistical techniques.

Results: The mean WHOQOL-BREF score for a total of 145 study participants was 46.6±3 with highest score for environmental domain (49.1±4.7) and least for physical domain (44.0±5.2). Significant higher overall quality of life score was observed for comparatively younger participants, males, more educated individuals, those having a companion prior to the settlement, those having more satisfaction with facilities and lesser morbidities.

Conclusions: Considering increasing elderly population proportion, there is a need for increase in number of facilities with standardized infrastructure, staff and facilities; so that quality of life can be maintained and sustained. Being a vulnerable and deprived section of the society, it is imperative that such individuals live out the final stage of their life with quality, dignity and much neglected self-respect.


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How to Cite

Kumar, S., Gupta, A., Mazta, S. R., Sharma, D., Chamotra, S., & Chaudhary, A. (2023). Quality of life of occupants of old age homes of a northern Indian province. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(11), 4329–4333. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233472



Original Research Articles