Nutritional status and morbidity pattern among school children in an urban slum of Kolkata, India


  • Amitabha Dan All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (AIIH and PH), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • A. R. Pasi Airport Health Organisation (APHO), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Selvaganapathi S. Airport Health Organisation (APHO), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Maitreyee G. P. All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (AIIH and PH), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Prithu Purkait Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India



BMI, ICMR, Morbidity, School Health, Undernutrition, West Bengal


Background: Sickness and morbidity rates in Indian school going children are among the highest in the world. Poor health and sickness absenteeism results in school dropouts and it is more among the female children as compared to male children. Present study was conducted to study the nutritional status and morbidity pattern among children attending the school health clinics in an urban area of West Bengal India.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the field practice area of urban health centres (UHC) of AIIH and PH Kolkata, West Bengal. Children enrolled in class 1-10 were included in the study by using systematic random sampling technique. Data was collected by using semi-structured questionnaire, clinical history and physical examination was done.

Results: Out of total 254 students, 129 (50.8%) were boys and 125 (49.2%) were girls. Dental caries and skin diseases like ringworm infection, cuts and fungal infection were most common types of morbidity found in school children. Dental caries and skin diseases both were more common in girls as compared to the boys. Underweight was found in more than 70% of the children and their BMI was significantly low as compare to the ICMR standard.

Conclusions: The proportion of malnutrition is very high in the school children of the field practice area of UHC Chetla and there is need to create opportunities to increase the family income and awareness programme to increase the nutritive values of foods prepared at household level.


Abraham SB, Chauhan RC, Rajesh M, Purty AJ, Singh Z. Nutritional status and various morbidities among school children of a costal area in South India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3:7718-22.

Ashok NC, Kavitha HS, Kulkarni P. A comparative study of nutritional status between government and private primary school children of Mysore city. Int J Health Allied Sci. 2014;3(3):164-9.

WHO. Information series on school health. Improving health through schools: national and international strategies, 2018. Available at: Accessed on 09 June 2018.

Patange R. Socio-Economic Study of Tribal Households in Palghar District (MS) (Doctoral dissertation, DBSKKV, Dapoli), 2018. Available at: in(M.S.)Patange/a797bf07f0d2277aa009a1ea563405b12f2914e5. Accessed on 10 June 2018.

Gokhale CN, Borgaonkar CA, Shanbhag SS, Solanki MJ, Rasal MM. Morbidity pattern among primary school children in a tribal area of Maharashtra. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:165-9.

Joshi RM. Challenges for Implementation of Inclusive Education in Palghar District. Local Gov Quart. 2017;4:77.

Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ. 2000;320:1240-3.

Nutrient Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Indians; A Report of the Expert Group of the Indian Council of Medical Research 2009-2010; Jamai-Osmania, Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition; Indian Council of Medical Research; 2010.

Gross enrolment ratio of students from first grade to eighth grade in during the financial year 2022 in the state of West Bengal. Available at: Accessed on 07 July 2023.

Kar K, Pradhan S, Samal BP. Morbidity pattern of school children: a study conducted in the urban field practice area of a tertiary health care centre of Odisha, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2018;6:2489-4.

Bhattacharya A, Basu M, Chatterjee S, Misra RN, Chowdhury G. Nutritional status and morbidity profile of school-going adolescents in a district of West Bengal. Muller J Med Sci Res. 2015;6:10-5.

Das P, Basu M, Dhar G, Mallik S, Pal R. Nutritional status and morbidity pattern of government primary school children in north Kolkata of West Bengal, India. South East Asia J Public Health. 2012;2(1):13-7.

Basu M, Basu S. Socio-Economic condition of the slums in Kolkata: A case study of ward no: 82. Int J Humanit Soc Sci. 2016;3:141-51.




How to Cite

Dan, A., Pasi, A. R., S., S., G. P., M., & Purkait, P. (2023). Nutritional status and morbidity pattern among school children in an urban slum of Kolkata, India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(11), 4262–4266.



Original Research Articles