An evidence-based approach to physical conditioning in American cadet law enforcement academies

Authors

  • Bridget F. Melton Health Sciences and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA
  • Thomas Nagel Forsyth County Sheriff's Office, Cumming, GA, USA
  • Sarah Lanham University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
  • Derick Anglin School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA
  • Gregory Ryan Health Sciences, Piedmont University, Demorest, Georgia, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20240246

Keywords:

Exercise, Law enforcement, Police, Physical fitness, Health

Abstract

Background: Law enforcement physical fitness training is not standardized in the United States; instead, there is heavy reliance on training officers or other LEOs with an interest in exercise.  This study aimed to evaluate performance outcomes between a traditionally designed physical conditioning program and an evidence-based conditioning program for law enforcement cadets.

Methods: Two metropolitan state law enforcement training centers in the southeast United States volunteered to participate in this investigation. Each program lasted 12 weeks and consisted of 5 days/week of physical training. The experimental group (n=46) was provided with an evidence-based physical conditioning program consisting of anaerobic and aerobic conditioning, agility, power, movement quality, defensive tactics, and muscular endurance.  

Results: The control group participants (n=18) were assigned to a traditional instructor-led physical training program consisting of calisthenics and running. Of the 14 fitness variables measured, the intervention group displayed improvements in 10 variables, whereas the control group improved 6 variables.

Conclusions: The results of this study encourage law enforcement departments to make provisions for modifications to enhance traditional cadet physical training programs, with consultation from strength and conditioning subject matter experts.  

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Published

2024-01-31

How to Cite

Melton, B. F., Nagel, T., Lanham, S., Anglin, D., & Ryan, G. (2024). An evidence-based approach to physical conditioning in American cadet law enforcement academies. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(2), 614–624. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20240246

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Section

Original Research Articles