Influence of maternal factors on the immunization status of under- five in Ebonyi state


  • Eunice N. Afoke Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • Ilo Cajetan Ikechukwu Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • Christian Okechukwu Aleke Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • Lois Nnenna Omaka-Amari Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • Henry Ikechukwu Imah Department of Science Education (Physical and Health Education), University of Delta State, Nigeria
  • Ben N. Ohuruogu Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • Anthonia Ogechukwu Nnubia Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
  • Ifeyinwa Maureen Okeke African Institutes for Health Policy and Health Systems, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria
  • Ogueri Emmanuel Obinna Alvan Ikoku Federal University of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria



Childhood immunization, Ebonyi State, Maternal characteristics


Background: Poor delivery of childhood immunization with the interacting factors has been a significant public health challenge especially in the sub-Saharan Africa. Nigeria has been presented as one the countries with the worst under-five mortality rates, and factors affecting childhood immunization including maternal factors are poorly understood. The study determined the influence of maternal characteristics and immunization status of under-five children in Ebonyi State.

Methods: Data were collected using an Immunization Status Checklist (ISC). The population of the study was 572,955 under-five children in Ebonyi State from which 2865 was sampled. Data were analyzed using percentages and chi-square.

Results: The findings of the study revealed that 83.01% of under-5 children were fully immunized. The chi-square analysis shows a significant influence of mothers’ parity at (p<0.05), mothers’ occupation at (p<0.05) and mothers’ use of antenatal services at (p<0.05).

Conclusions: The study concluded that immunization status of under-five children in Ebonyi State was high and maternal characteristics had significant influence on immunization status of under-five children. Thus, recommended that government should provide tangible incentives to mothers who fully immunized their children and promulgate a law to prevent children without immunization cards showing full immunization from registering in public and private primary schools.


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How to Cite

Afoke, E. N., Ikechukwu, I. C., Aleke, C. O., Omaka-Amari, L. N., Imah, H. I., Ohuruogu, B. N., Nnubia, A. O., Okeke, I. M., & Emmanuel Obinna, O. (2023). Influence of maternal factors on the immunization status of under- five in Ebonyi state. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(10), 3535–3544.



Original Research Articles