Factors affecting retention and relapse in orthodontics

Authors

  • Hussam E. Najjar Department of Orthodontics, Al Thagar Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Renad Mohammed Alasmari College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Asrar Mohammed Al Manie Al-Jurf Primary Healthcare Center, Ministry of Health, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Khalid Nassir Balbaid College of Dentistry, Misr University for Science and Technology, Cairo, Egypt
  • Kuthar Hassan Alzaher Dental Department, Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia
  • Ashwaq Talal Assiri Al Noor Specialist Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Sundus Saad Alqarni College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdullah Abdul Aziz Turkistani Makkah Health Cluster, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Sarah Khalid Al Anzi Department of Dental, Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Bassam Abdullah Alkhudhayr Ministry of Health, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia
  • Shatha Ahmed Alfaifi College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232173

Keywords:

Retention, Relapse, Orthodontics, Stability, Tooth movement

Abstract

Orthodontic treatment aims to achieve stable and harmonious occlusion by correcting malocclusions and aligning teeth. However, the long-term success of orthodontic treatment relies heavily on the effectiveness of the retention phase. Retention involves maintaining the corrected tooth positions and preventing relapse, which refers to the tendency of teeth to return to their original maloccluded positions over time. The retention phase applied after treatment is important to obtain stable results. Various factors can influence the retention phase and contribute to relapse in orthodontics. Periodontium, soft tissue pressures, growth, and occlusion are among these factors affecting stability. Understanding these factors is crucial for orthodontists to design appropriate retention protocols and enhance treatment outcomes. To achieve successful long-term stability, orthodontists must comprehensively evaluate and address the factors during the retention phase. This review article will discuss factors that affect retention and relapse in orthodontics.

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Published

2023-07-17

How to Cite

Najjar, H. E., Alasmari, R. M., Manie, A. M. A., Balbaid, K. N., Alzaher, K. H., Assiri, A. T., Alqarni, S. S., Turkistani, A. A. A., Anzi, S. K. A., Alkhudhayr, B. A., & Alfaifi, S. A. (2023). Factors affecting retention and relapse in orthodontics. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(8), 2946–2950. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232173

Issue

Section

Review Articles