Self-care activities and quality of life among people with type II diabetes in rural east India: a cross-sectional study
Keywords:Self-care activities, Quality of life, T2DM
Background: Unattended diabetes led to severe diabetic complications. Self-care activities are specific activities of self-management that lead to well-regulated glycaemic levels and eventually to better quality of life. This study is aimed to assess the level of self-care activities and quality of life among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in selected villages of East India.
Methods: The summary of diabetes self-care activities (SDSCA) scale was used to evaluate self-care activities, while the world health organization quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-Bref) scale was employed to measure quality of life. A total of 150 participants clinically diagnosed with diabetes for more than 6 months were included in the analysis.
Results: The results indicated that the mean score for overall quality of life was 61.66±15.35, with 17.3% of participants reporting poor overall quality of life. The majority of participants (66.6%) did not engage in any form of exercise in the last week, and a significant number (86%) had not checked their blood sugar levels in the previous week. Regarding foot care, 46.6% regularly washed their feet, while 80% did not check their shoes regularly. Medication adherence was relatively high, with 73.3% of participants reporting adherence to prescribed medication.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the need for interventions to improve self-care activities and enhance the overall quality of life among individuals with T2DM in the selected villages of East India. Strategies targeting dietary habits, physical activity, blood sugar monitoring, foot care, and medication adherence should be implemented to promote better management of T2DM.
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