Posterior capsule opacification assessment of need and outcome of Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy: a follow up of rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in a district in central India

Authors

  • Bodhraj D. Dhawan Department of Ophthalmology, Chhindwara Institute of Medical Sciences, Chhindwara, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Vaishali B. Dhawan Department of Radiology, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232699

Keywords:

Posterior capsular opacification, Nd-YAG laser, Intraocular lens

Abstract

Background: Current study highlights the burden of PCO related blindness, need of Nd YAG laser in rural set up and positive and negative outcomes of Nd-YAG laser capulotomy in treating PCO.

Methods: This study was conducted in 2020 at the department of ophthalmology at a medical college in central india. A total 53 such eyes were studied.

Results: A 408 individuals were included with pseudophakia in one or both eyes. Mean age of pseudophakic study population was 67.9±7.6 years (range 50-92 years). Nearly 50% of the eyes had a visual acuity of less than 6/18. 40% of the pseudophakic eyes had visually significant PCO. There were 53 eyes where the visual impairment was solely due to PCO and Nd-YAG Laser capsulotomy was done for these eyes. Post Laser Treatment 79.2% of treated eyes achieved a visual acuity of ≥6/18. Most commonly encountered complications after YAG Laser Capsulotomy was IOP spike which was seen in 29.5% of eyes undergoing the procedure which was followed by IOL pitting seen in 29.7%.

Conclusions: The reach of Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy is limited to these masses. A step to prevent blindness in this category of population would be to ensure vailibility of Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy. This procedure is relatively safe with few complications.

References

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Published

2023-08-29

How to Cite

Dhawan, B. D., & Dhawan, V. B. (2023). Posterior capsule opacification assessment of need and outcome of Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy: a follow up of rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in a district in central India . International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(9), 3332–3335. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232699

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Original Research Articles