A cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding rabies among patients attending a tertiary care centre, Solapur Maharashtra

Authors

  • Payel Roy Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Vaishampayan Memorial Govt. Medical College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India
  • Viresh A. Nandimath Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Vaishampayan Memorial Govt. Medical College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India
  • Kavita H. Bhadake Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Vaishampayan Memorial Govt. Medical College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232698

Keywords:

Attitude, Cross-sectional study, Knowledge, Practice, Rabies

Abstract

Background: Rabies is a neglected zoonotic tropical disease. Rabies is one of the world’s deadliest diseases which has 100% fatality and at the same time 100% preventable. The present study is an attempt to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding rabies among animal bite patients and sociodemographic factors associated with it.

Methods: This observational cross-sectional study was done in a tertiary care centre, Solapur after taking IEC approval during 1st October 2022 to 31st October 2022, among all adult patients (≥18 years age) attending anti-rabies OPD, in a pre-tested, structured, questionnaire.

Results: Among 194 participants 51 (26.29%), 101 (52.06%) and 42 (21.65%) of participants had high, moderate and low knowledge regarding rabies respectively; 75 (38.66%), 106 (54.64%) and 13 (6.7%) had high, moderate and low attitude towards rabies respectively; 160 (82.47%), 33 (17.01%) and 1 (0.52%) had high, moderate and low practice towards rabies prevention and control respectively. In this study knowledge is significantly associated with age, family size, education and socio-economic status; attitude is significantly associated with education and practice is significantly associated with family size.

Conclusions: Majority of the participants (101) had moderate knowledge regarding modes of transmission of rabies, fatality of rabies, symptoms of rabid animal, incubation period of rabies and PEP after animal bite, etc. Most of the participants (106) had moderate attitude towards completion of Inj. ARV schedule and the necessity to promote knowledge about rabies in the community. Majority of the participants (160) had high practice regarding first aid after animal bite and anti-rabies vaccination.

References

Sivagurunathan C, Umadevi R, Balaji A, Rama R, Gopalakrishnan S. Knowledge, attitude, and practice study on animal bite, rabies, and its prevention in an urban community. J Family Med Prim Care. 2021;10(2):850-8.

Tandon S, Kotwal SK, Malik MA, Singh M, Kumar D, Shafiq M, Kumar M. A community based survey on rabies control and prevention using KAP in Jammu, India. J Ani Res. 2017;7(6):1019-28.

Kumar S. A preliminary survey of knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding rabies in West Bengal, India. Sri Lankan J Infect Dis. 2019;9(1).

Tiwari HK, O’Dea M, Robertson ID, Vanak AT. Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) towards rabies and free-roaming dogs (FRD) in Shirsuphal village in western India: A community based cross-sectional study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2019;13(1):e0007120.

Ali A, Ahmed EY, Sifer D. A study on knowledge, attitude and practice of rabies among residents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethio Veter J. 2013;17(2):19-35.

Li D, Liu Q, Chen F, Jiang Q, Wang T, Yin X, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding rabies and its prevention and control among bite victims by suspected rabid animals in China. One health. 2021;13:100264.

Ba MF, Kane NM, Diallo MK, Bassoum O, Boh OK, Mboup FZ, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices on rabies among human and animal health professionals in senegal. Pathog. 2021;10(10):1282.

Bagherian HR, Taghipour A, Mousaci Bazaz M, Nezamdoost F, Afshari R, Abedi F. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding animal bites and rabies; a multi-centre study. Asia Pac J Med Toxicol. 2018;7(4):92-5.

Ung B, Kamyingkird K, Phimpraphai W. Knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with rabies in villages with different dog vaccination statuses in Cambodia. Veter World. 2021;14(8):2178.

Pal P, Yawongsa A, Bhusal TN, Bashyal R, Rukkwamsuk T. Knowledge, attitude, and practice about rabies prevention and control: A community survey in Nepal. Veter World. 2021;14(4):933-42.

Matibag GC, Kamigaki T, Kumarasiri PV, Wijewardana TG, Kalupahana AW, Dissanayake DA, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey of rabies in a community in Sri Lanka. Environm Heal Prevent Med. 2007;12:84-9.

Rana MS, Jahan AA, Kaisar SG, Siddiqi UR, Sarker S, Begum MI, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions about rabies among the people in the community, healthcare professionals and veterinary practitioners in Bangladesh. One Health. 2021;13:100308.

Ahmed T, Hussain S, Zia UU, Rinchen S, Yasir A, Ahmed S, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) survey of canine rabies in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab Province of Pakistan. BMC Pub Heal. 2020;20(1):1-2.

Karmakar PR, Saharay S. Rabies: knowledge and practices towards its prevention & control among multi-purpose health workers of a rural area of West Bengal. Inter J Res Rev. 2020;7(1):348-54.

Tiwari HK, Vanak AT, O’Dea M, Robertson ID. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards dog-bite related rabies in para-medical staff at rural primary health centres in Baramati, western India. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(11):e0207025.

Downloads

Published

2023-08-29

How to Cite

Roy, P., Nandimath, V. A., & Bhadake, K. H. (2023). A cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding rabies among patients attending a tertiary care centre, Solapur Maharashtra. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(9), 3324–3331. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232698

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles