The influential factors of stunting in toddlers of Cianjur regency


  • Nur Amaliah Ramadhani Nur Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Ikeu Ekayanti Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Ali Khomsan Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia



Food diversity, History of infectious diseases, Mother’s nutritional knowledge, Stunted toddlers


Background: Nutritional problems had become the major problem for many developing countries such as in Indonesia. One of nutritional problems that brought high concern to date is stunting problem. Result from 2021 Indonesian nutritional status study stated the stunting prevalence of toddlers in Indonesia was 24.4%, where Cianjur regency as one example of regencies in West Java has fairly high stunting rate (33.7%).

Methods: This study is applying a cross-sectional design. The research was conducted in May-July 2022 in Cianjur regency. As subjects of this study were 24-59 months toddlers who were selected by a method of clustered sampling. The research data was collected by questionnaires and a direct measurement method. Then, data analysis was conducted by Chi-square and logistic regression analysis.

Results: The result showed the prevalence number of stunting in Warungkondang district, Cianjur regency was 40.70%, with influencial factors were the birth weight (p=0.012), history of: cough (p=0.050), fever (p=0.037), diarrhea (p=0.040) during the last 3 months, the mother’s knowledge level (p=0.050), the food diversity (p=0.048) and the health care pattern (p=0.004). 

Conclusions: There are several influential factors to stunting problem such as birth weight, history of infectious diseases, the level of mother’s nutritional knowledge, the food diversity and health care patterns. For the most dominant factors that influence stunting are mother’s nutritional knowledge and the birth weight of the baby. It indicates the causes of stunting are not only triggered by health factors. Therefore, collaboration with various stakeholders is needed to overcome the stunting problem.


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How to Cite

Nur, N. A. R., Ekayanti, I., Dwiriani, C. M., & Khomsan, A. (2023). The influential factors of stunting in toddlers of Cianjur regency. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(7), 2327–2334.



Original Research Articles