Comparison of penetrating keratoplasty versus lamellar keratoplasty for macular corneal dystrophy: a retrospective study of a single-center experience
Keywords:Keratoplasty, Lamellar, Penetrating, Saudi
Background: Although penetrating keratoplasty (PK) still remains the dominant form of transplantation for macular corneal dystrophy (MCD) patients, many studies evaluating these new forms of selective lamellar keratoplasty (LK) now suggest equivalent or better visual outcomes. This study aimed to explore the difference in outcomes and complications that follows each type of these operations.
Methods: A retrospective, single-center study was performed at King Abdulaziz medical city in 2022. The study included patients with a histological diagnosis of MCD who undergone either PK or LK. Data was collected from health records using a form that consisted of patient characteristic, type of operation and post-operative outcomes, including visual acuity, survival rate and complications.
Results: The study included a total of 54 eyes of patients who have MCD. A best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 0.5 or better was achieved in 82.5% of eyes of PK group and 42.9% of eyes of LK group. Graft survival rate was 90% (36 eyes) and 85.7% (12 eyes) in PK and LK groups respectively. Regarding complications, four PK eyes (10%) and one LK eye (7.1%) had high intraocular pressure, three PK eyes (7.5%) and one LK eye (7.1%) developed rejection, one PK eye (2.5%) developed recurrent epithelial erosion, and another one PK eye (2.5%) developed Traumatic epithelial laceration.
Conclusions: PK operations resulted in a better post-operative visual acuity compared to LK group. The graft survival rate was slightly better for the PK group. PK was associated with higher incidence of complications than LK group.
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