Impact of cataract surgery on quality of life in rural areas of Jharkhand: a community based cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Bharath Jagadeesh Public Health, Tata Steel Foundation, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3574-7791
  • Sagarika Gupta Public Health, Tata Steel Foundation, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
  • Anuj Bhatnagar Public Health, Tata Steel Foundation, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232387

Keywords:

Cataract, Quality-of-life, Preventable blindness, Rural health

Abstract

Background: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in India, accounting for approximately 66.2% of all blindness cases and accounting for 71.2% of all visual impairment cases. This study was conducted in 5 blocks of East Singhbhum and Saraikela-Kharsawan districts of Jharkhand to determine burden of cataract and the impact of cataract surgery on quality of life in the rural population.

Methods: Community based cross sectional study was conducted between January 2023 to April 2023 among individuals residing in rural areas of Jharkhand using multi-stage sampling with a sample size of 692 individuals.

Results: Prevalence of cataract amongst the study population was 23% (159) and there was a statistically significant improvement in the quality-of-life post cataract surgery.

Conclusions: High prevalence of cataract increases the burden on existing health care system. Ongoing research and initiatives should focus on improving early detection and referral, providing comprehensive post-operative care to reduce the burden of cataract and improve the quality-of-life outcomes among the individuals.

References

World Health Organization. Fact sheet: Cataract, 2023. Available at: https://www.emro.who.int/ health-topics/cataract/. Accessed 30 May 2023.

American Optometric Association. Cataract. 2023. Available at: https://www.aoa.org/healthy-eyes/eye-and-vision-conditions/cataract?sso=y. Accessed 30 May 2023.

World Health Organization. Fact sheet: Blindness and visual impairment, 2023. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ blindness-and-visual-impairment. Accessed 30 May 2023.

Department of Health and Family Welfare. NPCB, 2022. Available at: https://cghealth.nic.in/ehealth /2022/Instructions/NPCB_CBBFS_GUIDELINES_11102022.pdf. Accessed 30 May 2023.

Aarthi R, Roy G, Kar SS, Srinivasan R. Prevalence of cataract among adults above 50 years in a rural community of Villupuram, Tamil Nadu. Inter J Advan Medi Heal Res. 2015;2(1):50-4.

Raju P, George R, Ramesh SV, Arvind H, Baskaran M, Vijaya L. Influence of tobacco use on cataract development. Brit J Ophthalmol. 2006;90(11):1374-7.

Prasad M, Malhotra S, Kalaivani M, Vashist P, Gupta SK. Gender differences in blindness, cataract blindness and cataract surgical coverage in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Brit J Ophthalmol. 2020;104(2):220-4.

Gurung R, Oli RU. Addressing the gender-specific barriers to cataract surgical services for women: evidence from Nepal. Commu Eye Heal. 2022;35(116):16-7.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-29

How to Cite

Jagadeesh, B., Gupta, S., & Bhatnagar, A. (2023). Impact of cataract surgery on quality of life in rural areas of Jharkhand: a community based cross-sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(8), 2902–2907. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232387

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles