Healthier mind builds healthier nation under ABArK

Authors

  • Gagana G. D. Department of Health and Family Welfare, AB-ArK Cell, Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare Services, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Suresh G. Shastri Department of Health and Family Welfare, AB-ArK Cell, Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare Services, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Srinivas P. K. Department of Health and Family Welfare, AB-ArK Cell, Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare Services, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Pooja S. Department of Health and Family Welfare, AB-ArK Cell, Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare Services, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Murugesh J. Department of Health and Family Welfare, AB-ArK Cell, Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare Services, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Rajani Parthasarathy Mental Health, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Azad Devyani Department of Epidemiology, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Himani Rathore Department of Epidemiology, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Shivashankara N. Department of Health and Family Welfare, Suvarna Arogya Suraksha Trust, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Randeep D. Department of Health and Family Welfare, Karnataka, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232385

Keywords:

Ayushman Bharat-PM-JAY-ArK, Mental health, Karnataka’s model, Schizophrenia, Catastrophic cost

Abstract

Background: The State of Karnataka launched a scheme called “Arogya Karnataka” as a part of universal health coverage following the Karnataka Integrated Public Health Policy 2017 and Karnataka Vision 2025 document. With the goal of achieving universal health coverage (UHC), Karnataka, a national leader in healthcare, launched the Arogya Karnataka scheme in March 2018.  It was later integrated with the government  of  India's  national  health protection  scheme Ayushman  Bharat  Pradhan  Mantri  Jan  Arogya  Yojana(AB-PMJAY)  to  help  with  financial protection. Mental health, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), refers to “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data collected from the State Health Agency, Suvarna Arogya Suraksha Trust (SAST) portal. The study was conducted for a period 12 months from January to December 2022.

Results: The study included 7292 mental disorder patients, majority of were male (70.95%), having age group of 31-45 years (45.41%), and belonged to the Below poverty line (BPL) (94.54%). Majority of cases were psychoactive substance use (64%) followed by Schizophrenia (22%) and Mental Retardation (14%).

Conclusions: Ayushman Bharat –PM-JAY Arogya Karnataka (AB-PMJAY ArK) has potential to reduce the out of pocket expenditure, distress financing and reduce catastrophic health expenditure which will lead to significant impact on health indices.

References

Government order AB-ArK. Available at: https://arogya.karnataka.gov.in/. Accessed on 05 May 2023.

Devadas an N, Criel B, Van Damme W, Ranson K, Van der Stuyft P. Indian community health insurance schemes provide partial protection against catastrophic health expenditure. BMC Heal Servi Res. 2007;7(1):1-1.

World Health Organization. Promoting mental health: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice: Summary report, 2004. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/42940/9241591595.pdf. Accessed on 05 May 2023.

Prince M, Patel V, Saxena S, Maj M, Maselko J, Phillips MR, et al. No health without mental health. Lancet. 2007;370(9590):859-77.

Census of India 2011-Data on Disability

Singh G, Sharma M, Kumar GA, Rao NG, Prasad K, Mathur P, et al. The burden of neurological disorders across the states of India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2019. Lancet Glob Heal. 2021;9(8):e1129-44.

Riecher-Rössler A. Sex and gender differences in mental disorders. Lancet Psych. 2017;4(1):8-9.

Klose M, Jacobi F. Can gender differences in the prevalence of mental disorders be explained by sociodemographic factors? Arch Wom Ment Heal. 2004;7:133-48.

Ram U, Strohschein L, Gaur K. Gender socialization: Differences between male and female youth in India and associations with mental health. Inter J Populat Res. 2014;2014:1-11.

Gururaj G, Girish N, Isaac MK. Mental, neurological and substance abuse disorders: Strategies towards a systems approach. Burden of Disease in India. 2005;226:.

Rathod S, Pinninti N, Irfan M, Gorczynski P, Rathod P, Gega L, et al. Mental health service provision in low-and middle-income countries. Health Serv Insigh. 2017;10:1178632917694350.

Naser AY, Dahmash EZ, Alqahtani JS, Alsairafi ZK, Alsaleh FM, Alwafi H. Trends in hospital admissions for mental, behavioural and neurodevelopmental disorders in England and Wales between 1999 and 2019: an ecological study. In Healthcare. 2022;10(11):2191

Downloads

Published

2023-07-29

How to Cite

G. D., G., Shastri, S. G., P. K. , S., S. , P., J. , M., Rajani Parthasarathy, Devyani, A., Rathore, H., N. , S., & D. , R. (2023). Healthier mind builds healthier nation under ABArK. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(8), 2897–2901. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232385

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles