Compliance to post-exposure prophylaxis among patients attending anti-rabies vaccination clinic in a tertiary health care centre in central India: a cross sectional study

Authors

  • Nidhi P. Sastry Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Jyotsna S. Deshmukh Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Ashok R. Jadhao Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Kalaivani M. Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Manisha D. Solanki Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Vihangi V. Nitnaware Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232384

Keywords:

Anti-rabies vaccine, Compliance, Post-exposure prophylaxis, Rabies, Rabies immunoglobulin

Abstract

Background: Rabies is a fatal but vaccine-preventable disease. Prevention of rabies in exposed individuals is possible by providing them with the proper post-exposure prophylaxis. This study aims to assess the compliance to post-exposure prophylaxis in animal bite cases and factors associated with it.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted between September 2022 to November 2022 using a predesigned, pretested proforma to interview 300 patients attending anti-rabies vaccination clinic in a tertiary health care centre in central India.

Results: Majority of the patients 268 (89.3%) suffered category 3 animal bite and 32 (10.7%) patients suffered category 2 animal bite. 125 (41.7%) patients washed the wound with water, soap and applied antiseptic. 234 (78%) patients completed their last dose of anti-rabies vaccine (ARV) while compliance to Rabies Immunoglobulin (RIG) was seen in 167 (63.3%) patients of all cases requiring it. Out of all the patients who took Equine RIG, 7 (4.5%) showed hypersensitivity reactions. Significant association was found between compliance to ARV with type of animal and status of animal after 10 days; and compliance to RIG with gender, socio-economic status, type of animal and type of wound.

Conclusions: Compliance to ARV and RIG in our study was 78% and 63.3% respectively. Major reason for poor compliance to RIG was the price of immunoglobulin. Health education regarding significance of post-exposure prophylaxis is needed among the population.

References

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Published

2023-07-29

How to Cite

Sastry, N. P., Deshmukh, J. S., Jadhao, A. R., M., K., Solanki, M. D., & Nitnaware, V. V. (2023). Compliance to post-exposure prophylaxis among patients attending anti-rabies vaccination clinic in a tertiary health care centre in central India: a cross sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(8), 2890–2896. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232384

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Original Research Articles