SARS-Cov-2 infection among health care workers working in COVID-19 and non COVID-19 clinical setting of a tertiary care teaching hospital


  • Lakshmeesha Thammegowda Department of Orthopaedics, HIMS Hassan, Karnataka, India
  • Krishna Murthy Valagerahalli Rangegowda Department of General Surgery, HIMS Hassan, Karnataka, India
  • Thejeshwari Halanur Lingappa Department of Community Medicine, HIMS Hassan, Karnataka, India
  • Prakasha Borelingegowda Sarojamma Department of Anatomy, HIMS Hassan, Karnataka, India
  • Sudeep Valerian Pinto Infection Control Nursing DCH HIMS Hassan, Karnataka, India
  • Suvenitha Dhakshina Murthy Infection Control Nursing DCH HIMS Hassan, Karnataka, India



SARS-CoV-2, HCWs, COVID-19, High risk area, Co-morbidities


Background: understanding the impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers helps in developing newer strategies of infection prevention and control practices objectives were to determine the SARS-CoV-2 infection positivity rate and to identify the risk factors and outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection among Health Care workers (HCWs) of a tertiary care center.

Methods: A longitudinal cross-sectional study was done among the HCWs of a tertiary care teaching hospital from March 2020 to Feb 2022 Inclusion criteria: All HCWs infected with SARS-CoV-2 during the study period and whose data available with testing and quarantine committee. Exclusion criteria was incomplete HCWs data.

Results: A 840 HCWs out of 2990 total HCWs were infected with SARS-CoV-2: infectivity rate was 28%. Majorities were females (53.9%). mean age was (35.6±1.006) years. nurses (33.8%) were most commonly affected followed by doctors (26%). Working at designated COVID-19 hospital was significantly associated with SARS-Cov-2 positivity compared to working in non- COVID-19 hospital, which was statistically significant at chi-square value of 6.636 at p<0.01. recovery rate was 99.8%; death rate was (0.2%) due to uncontrolled diabetes, alcoholism and smoking; positivity rate among unvaccinated was 6%.

Conclusions: there is a need to reduce high burden of SARS-CoV-2 positivity among HCWs. Revision of existing infection prevention and control (IPC) practices, development of innovative training strategies, constant reinforcement and supportive supervision of IPC practices has to be considered besides emphasizing the importance healthy life style measures.


Available at: Accessed on 25 June, 2023.

Black JRM, Bailey C, Przewrocka J, Dijkstra KK, Swanton C. COVID-19: the case for health-care worker screening to prevent hospital transmission. Lancet. 2020;395(10234):1418-20.

Lu W, Danni Y, Xinlan W, Yujuan C, You L, Huai Y. Correlation between hand hygiene compliance and nosocomial infection in medical staff. Chin J Disinfect. 2014;31:1237-8.

Kulkarni A, Khasne RW, Dhakulkar BS, Mahajan HC. Burnout among healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in India: results of a questionnaire-based survey. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2020;24(8):664-71.

Ran L, Chen X, Wang Y, Wu W, Zhang L, Tan X. Risk factors of healthcare workers with coronavirus disease 2019: a retrospective cohort study in a designated hospital of Wuhan in China. Clin Infect Dis. 2020;71.

Vargese SS, Dev SS, Soman AS, Kurian N, Varghese VA, Mathew E. Exposure risk and COVID-19 infection among frontline health-care workers: A single tertiary care centre experience. Clin Epidemiol Glob Health. 2022;13:100933.

Sabetian G, Moghadami M, Hashemizadeh FHL, Shahriarirad R, Fallahi MJ, Asmarian N et al COVID-19 infection among healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in southwest Iran Virol J. 2021;18(1):58.

Lazzerini M, Putoto G. COVID-19 in Italy: momentous decisions and many uncertainties. The Lancet Global Health. 2020;8(5):e641-2

Kim R, Nachman S, Fernandes R, Meyers K, Taylor M, LeBlanc D et al. Comparison of COVID-19 infections among healthcare workers and non-healthcare workers. PLoS One. 2020;15(12):e0241956.

Al Abri ZGH, Al Zeedi MASA, Al Lawati AA. Risk Factors Associated with COVID-19 Infected Healthcare Workers in Muscat Governorate, Oman. J Prim Care Community Health. 2021;2150132721995454.

Paris C, Bénézit F, Geslin M, Polard E, Baldeyrou M, Turmel V, Tadié É, Garlantezec R, Tattevin P. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among healthcare workers. Infect Dis Now. 2021;51(5):484-7.

Chandan S, Khan SR, Deliwala S, Mohan BP, Ramai D, Chandan OC, Facciorusso A. Postvaccination SARS-CoV-2 infection among healthcare workers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2022;94(4):1428-41.




How to Cite

Thammegowda, L., Valagerahalli Rangegowda, K. M., Lingappa, T. H., Sarojamma, P. B., Pinto, S. V., & Murthy, S. D. (2023). SARS-Cov-2 infection among health care workers working in COVID-19 and non COVID-19 clinical setting of a tertiary care teaching hospital. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(8), 2748–2753.



Original Research Articles