Determinants of depression and coping strategies among nursing students after the second wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Soni Chauhan Department of Nursing Education, Yatharth Nursing College and Paramedical Institute, Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Surya Kant Tiwari Department of Nursing Education, Yatharth Nursing College and Paramedical Institute, Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Tannu Mishra Department of Nursing Education, Yatharth Nursing College and Paramedical Institute, Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Gitanjali Maurya Department of Nursing Education, Yatharth Nursing College and Paramedical Institute, Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Saumya P. Srivastava Department of Nursing Education, Vivekananda College of Nursing, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India



Coping strategies, COVID-19 pandemic, Depression, Nursing students, Second wave


Background: COVID-19 pandemic led to the emergence of mental health problems such as depression and the use of maladaptive coping strategies among nursing students. This study is planned to assess the prevalence of depression and coping strategies adopted by nursing students after the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was carried out among 164 nursing students in a selected nursing institution in a rural area of Northern India. Depression was assessed using the patient health questionnaire-9, whereas coping was assessed by the brief-coping orientation of problem experienced scale.

Results: Mean age of the participants was 20.80±2.35 years. The mean depression score of nursing students was 6.43±4.28. Majority of the nursing students had mild depression (43.9%) and belonged to the non-depressed group (78.7%) with a PHQ-9 score <9. Maladaptive coping mechanisms were chiefly utilized by male nursing students. Coping mechanisms substance use (β=0.223, p<0.013) had more impact on depression, after controlling for sociodemographic variables and COVID-19-related information of nursing students.

Conclusions: Minimal or mild depression is common among nursing students after the second wave of the unprecedented pandemic with adaptive coping strategies more commonly used.


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How to Cite

Chauhan, S., Tiwari, S. K., Mishra, T., Maurya, G., & Srivastava, S. P. (2023). Determinants of depression and coping strategies among nursing students after the second wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(7), 2571–2577.



Original Research Articles