Awareness in general population about the home modifications which are necessary to prevent falls in community dwelling elderly

Authors

  • Anshu D. Goenka Department of Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Nilima S. Bedekar Department of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Rachana P. Dabadghav Department of Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Parag K. Sancheti Department of Orthopaedics, Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pune, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232369

Keywords:

Awareness, Home modifications, Fall prevention, Community dwelling elderly

Abstract

Background: Falls are considered to be one of the “geriatric giants”. The living room, bathroom, bedroom and staircase are common areas where falls occur within home. Many elderlies who fall even if they remain uninjured, become apprehensive causing them to cut down on their activities of daily living and becoming less active, weaker, further increasing their chances of falling. Therefore, it’s of paramount importance to scrutinize the awareness about the home modifications. The study was conducted to examine if the general population is aware of the home modifications necessary to prevent falls in community dwelling elderly.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in 300people between 30 to 50 years old who were not medical professionals. Convenience sampling was used. A self-structured questionnaire was prepared and clearance of ethical committee was obtained. After taking people’s consent they were asked to fill the questionnaire.

Results: Results show that out of 300 participants people are aware of non-slippery floors (70%), railings at the staircase (62%). People are least aware of the following modifications: glare free paints (20%), door knobs can be replaced with lever handle (40%), install adhesive strips on the staircase (30%).

Conclusions: Results show that out of 300 participants people are aware of non-slippery floors (70%), railings at the staircase (62%). People are least aware of the following modifications: glare free paints (20%), door knobs can be replaced with lever handle (40%), install adhesive strips on the staircase (30%).

References

Kamei T, Kajii F, Yamamoto Y, Irie Y, Kozakai R, Sugimoto T, et al. Effectiveness of a home hazard modification program for reducing falls in urban community-dwelling older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2015;12(3):184-97.

Clemson L, Stark S, Pighills AC, Torgerson DJ, Sherrington C, Lamb SE. Environmental interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;2019(2):CD013258.

Lytras D, Sykaras E, Iakovidis P, Kasimis K, Myrogiannis I, Kottaras A. Recording of falls in elderly fallers in Northern Greece and evaluation of aging health-related factors and environmental safety associated with falls: a cross-sectional study. Occup Ther Int. 2022;2022:9292673.

Van Bemmel T, Vandenbroucke JP, Westendorp RG, Gussekloo J. In an observational study elderly patients had an increased risk of falling due to home hazards. J Clin Epidemiol. 2005;58(1):63-7.

Dionyssiotis Y. Analyzing the problem of falls among older people. Int J Gen Med. 2012;5:805-13.

Carter SE, Campbell EM, Sanson-Fisher RW, Redman S, Gillespie WJ. Environmental hazards in the homes of older people. Age Age. 1997;26(3):195-202.

Hanley A, Silke C, Murphy J. Community-based health efforts for the prevention of falls in the elderly. Clin Interv Aging. 2011;6:19-25.

Clemson L, Stark S, Pighills AC, Torgerson DJ, Sherrington C, Lamb SE. Environmental interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;2019(2):CD013258.

Campani D, Caristia S, Amariglio A, Piscone S, Ferrara LI, Barisone M, et al. Home and environmental hazards modification for fall prevention among the elderly. Public Health Nurs. 2021;38(3):493-501.

Home buyers and sellers’generational trends report, 2021. Available at: https://www.nar.realtor/sites/ default/files/documents/2021-home-buyers-and-sellers-generational-trends-03-16-2021.pdf. Accessed 20 April 2022.

Moreland BL, Kakara R, Haddad YK, Shakya I, Bergen G. A descriptive analysis of location of older adult falls that resulted in emergency department visits in the United States, 2015. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2020;15(6):590-7.

Pynoos J, Steinman BA, Nguyen AQ. Environmental assessment and modification as fall-prevention strategies for older adults. Clin Geriatr Med. 2010;26(4):633-44.

Lord SR, Menz HB, Sherrington C. Home environment risk factors for falls in older people and the efficacy of home modifications. Age Ageing. 2006;35(Suppl 2):ii55-9.

Portegijs E, Rantakokko M, Viljanen A, Rantanen T, Iwarsson S. Perceived and objective entrance-related environmental barriers and daily out-of-home mobility in community dwelling older people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2017;69:69-76.

Wiseman JM, Stamper DS, Sheridan E, Caterino JM, Quatman-Yates CC, Quatman CE. Barriers to the initiation of home modifications for older adults for fall prevention. Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil. 2021;12:21514593211002161.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-29

How to Cite

Goenka, A. D., Bedekar, N. S., Dabadghav, R. P., & Sancheti, P. K. (2023). Awareness in general population about the home modifications which are necessary to prevent falls in community dwelling elderly. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(8), 2806–2812. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232369

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles