Prevalence of overweight and obesity and its epidemiological determinant: a cross sectional study, in Maharashtra, India
Keywords:Overweight, Obesity, BMI, Place of residence, Gender, Occupation, Socioeconomic Status
Background: India has >135 millions obese individual at present. Overweight and obesity are fifth leading cause of global deaths. This study was undertaken to study prevalence of obesity and overweight and to find out predictors for obesity.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among adult individuals (aged 18-55 years) belonging to Akola district of Maharashtra during July 2022 to December 2022. The study was a hospital based undertaken in the Nutritional OPD under the community medicine department, Government Medical College Akola.
Results: Maximum respondent were male 205 (64.5%) Overall prevalence obesity 108 (34%) with maximum number of male 76 (24%) and very less females 32 (10%). However overall prevalence of overweight was 58 (18%) in the study population out of which 44 (13.8%) were male and 14 (4.2%) were females. Prevalence of obesity increases with age, in the present study 19% prevalence were seen in 36-55 years age group. Overall respondents from upper class as per (modified BG Prasad classification) were 153 (48.25%) among which 59 (19%) were more obese as compare upper middle, and middle class. 28 (9%), 10 (1%) respectively. This difference was found statically significant (χ²; p value= 0.01 and 0.002).
Conclusions: Suitable health care strategy and intervention programs along with health education is needed to reduce the impact.
Venkatrao M, Nagarathna R, Majumdar V, Patil SS, Rathi S, Nagendra H. Prevalence of obesity in India and its neurological implications: a multifactor analysis of a nationwide cross-sectional study. Ann Neurosci. 2020;27(3-4):153-61.
Shikha D, Semwal J, Srivastava AK, Vyas S, Juyal R. An epidemiological evaluation of predictors of overweight and obesity in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. J Prevent Med Hygiene. 2019;60(3):E211.
Rai RK, Jaacks LM, Bromage S, Barik A, Fawzi WW, Chowdhury A. Prospective cohort study of overweight and obesity among rural Indian adults: sociodemographic predictors of prevalence, incidence and remission. BMJ Open. 2018;8(8):e021363.
Rengma MS, Sen J, Mondal N. Socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle determinants of overweight and obesity among adults of Northeast India. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2015;25(3):199-208.
Deshmukh PR, Gupta SS, Dongre AR, Bharambe MS, Maliye C, Kaur S, et al. Relationship of anthropometric indicators with blood pressure levels in rural Wardha. Indian J Med Res. 2006;123(5):657.
Mohan V, Deepa R. Obesity and abdominal obesity in Asian Indian. Indian J Med Res. 2006;123:539-96.
Vadera BN, Yadav SB, Yadav BS, Parmar DV, Unadkat SV. Study on obesity and Influence of dietary factors on the weight status of an adult population in Jamnagar city of Gujarat: a cross-sectional analytical study. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(4):482-6.
Jain B, Jain S, Chopra H, Garg SK, Singh G, Mittal C. Impact of Sociodemographic factors on prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents of urban Meerut. Indian J Community Health. 2018;30(1):90-5.
Vadodariya NJ, Rathod GG, Thakor N. Prevalence of obesity and assessment of knowledge regarding hazards of obesity and its preventive measures among students of Government Science college of North Gujarat region, India. Virtual Health Library. 2020.
Meshram I, Boiroju NK, Longvah T. Prevalence of overweight/obesity, hypertension and its associated factors among women from Northeast India. Indian Heart J. 2022;74(1):56-62.
Kapoor SK, Anand K. Nutritional transition: a public health challenge in developing countries. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002;56:804.
Subramanian SV, Kawachi I, Smith GD. Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61:802-9.
Sen J, Mondal N, Dutta S. Factors affecting overweight and obesity among urban adults: a cross-sectional study. Epidemiol Biostat Public Health. 2013;10(1).