One health: a long road ahead
Keywords:OH, Collaboration, Zoonosis, Environment
One health (OH) is a collaborative, multisectoral, coordinated and transdisciplinary approach-working at the local, regional, national, and global levels – with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes by recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment. OH framework was officially recommended as an approach to deal with zoonotic infectious diseases by the world health organization in 2008 of which the core components of the framework are food safety, zoonoses and antibiotic resistance. India has taken some steps towards the OH concept by promoting collaboration among various sectors and allocating the required resources. However, still a lot needs to be done to overcome the challenges. Implementing systematic zoonotic surveillance; regulated antibiotic use among humans and animals; development of a zoonotic registry in the country; constitution of a wide network of academic, research, pharmaceutical and various implementation stakeholders from different sectors is the need of the hour to effectively use OH. Implementing a ' OH ' system consists of emphasizing the intersections of humans, domestic and wild animal populations as well as plants and ecosystems. By promoting collaboration across all sectors, a OH approach can achieve the best health outcomes for people, animals, and plants in a shared environment.
Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. One Health Basics Fact Sheet. 2020. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/basics/index.html. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Kahn LH. Developing one health approach by using a multi-dimensional matrix. One Health. 2021;13(100289):1-5.
Vijayaraghavan P, Balasubramanian A, Divyya S. Position Paper for First One Health India Summit, Acknowledging Challenges and Paving the Way Forward. 2018. Available at: https://www.sathguru.com/news/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/one-halth-publication_may-2018.pdf. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Andrabi SAS. ICMR in News- Media report (9 March to 15 March 2019). Indian Council of Medical Research, Government of India. 2019. Available at: https://main.icmr.nic.in/sites/default/files/ICMRINNews0.pdf. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Hippocrates. Hippocrates on airs, waters, and places. London: Wyman and Sons. 1881.
Mackenzie JS, Jeggo M. The One Health Approach-Why Is It So Important? Trop Med Infect Dis. 2019;4(88):1-4.
Puri P. One Health: The Evolving Paradigm to Boost India’s Healthcare Infrastructure. Invest India Outlook. 2021. Available at: https://www.investindia.gov.in/team-india-blogs/one-health-evolving-paradigm-boost-indias-healthcare-infrastructure. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
McKenzie JS, Dahal R, Kakkar M, Debnath N, Rahman M, Dorjee S et al. One Health research and training and government support for One Health in South Asia. Infect Ecol Epidemiol. 2016;29(6):33842.
Sharma NC. Centre plans labs in every block. Mint; 2020. Available at: https://www.livemint.com/politics/policy/centre-plans-labsin-everyblock11589745155999.html. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Ahmed S. National institute of one health to come up on Mafsu campus. Times of India; 2019. Available at: https://timesofindiaindiatimes.com/city/nagpur/natl-institute-of-one-healthto-come-up-onmafsu-campus/articleshow/70899851.cms. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, World Health Organization Country Office for India. National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance. India: Government of India; 2017. Available at: https://ncdc.gov.in/WriteReadData/l892s/File645.pdf. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Ghosh S. State of Forest Report Says that India’s Forest and Tree Cover has increased by 1 Percent. Mongabay; 2018. Available at: https://www.india.mongabay.com/2018/02/state-offorest-report-says-that-indias-forest-and-tree-cover-has-increased-by-1-percent/. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Importance of One Health for COVID-19 and Future Pandemics. US Department of Health and Human Services. 2021. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2021/s1103-one-health.html. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
World Organisation for Animal Health. COVID-19: Events in animals. 2022. Available at: https://www.oie.int/en/what-we-offer/emergency-and-resilience/covid-19/#ui-id-3. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.
Department of Biotechnology. Office Memorandum: National Expert Group on One Health regarding. India; 2020. Report No. BT/AAQ//01/ One Health/2020. 2020. Available at: http://dbtindia.gov.in/sites/default/files/National%20Expert%20Group%20on%20One%20Health.pdf. Accessed on 22 May, 2023.