Impact of diet on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a tertiary care hospital of Rawalpindi

Authors

  • Tayyab Mumtaz Khan Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Jehanzeb Akram Punjab Rangers Teaching Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zarish Zamir The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Abdul Rafay University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sania Saher The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Rudabah Khalid The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Arslan Munir Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Atif Mehmood University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Rida Tariq University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shahrukh Khan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232018

Keywords:

ADHD, Care, Diet, Hospital, Impact, Rawalpindi, Tertiary

Abstract

Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neuropsychiatric disorder of children that affects almost all aspects of the life. The role of diet in the management of the ADHD is understudied in Pakistan.

This study aimed to assess the impact of different types of diet on the symptoms of ADHD among the children with ADHD.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 58 children with ADHD in Rawalpindi. Ethical approval and informed consent were obtained. Patients’ recruitment was done via developed criteria and Convenient sampling technique. Descriptive statistics and one-way ANOVA were used to determine the difference of ADHD severity among various frequencies of different included foods via Conner Parent rating scale-revised short form. Data analysis was performed by SPSS version 25.0.

Results: The difference in hyperactivity index, impulsivity, and learning problems score on CPR-RS among various frequencies of carbohydrate, protein rich and fat foods, was statistically significant and with the increase intake of carbohydrate and protein rich foods, the score on CPR-RS of hyperactivity index, impulsivity, and learning problems also goes up. Whereas, with the increase intake of fat rich foods, the score of hyperactivity index, impulsivity, and learning problems goes down.

Conclusions: In short, the high intake of carbohydrate and protein rich foods, increase the severity of the symptoms of ADHD, while, high intake of fat rich foods decreases the severity of the symptoms of ADHD among children.

References

Howard AL, Robinson M, Smith GJ, Ambrosini GL, Piek JP, Oddy WH. ADHD is associated with a “Western” dietary pattern in adolescents. J Attent Disord. 2011;15(5):403-11.

Abd El Baaki OM, Abd El Hamid ER, Zaki ST, Alwakkad AS, Sabry RN, Elsheikh EM. Diet modification impact on ADHD outcome. Bull Nat Res Centre. 2021;45(1):1-8.

Zhou F, Wu F, Zou S, Chen Y, Feng C, Fan G. Dietary, nutrient patterns and blood essential elements in Chinese children with ADHD. Nutrients. 2016;8(6):352.

Sharma A, Couture J. A review of the pathophysiology, etiology, and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Ann Pharmacother. 2014;48(2):209-25.

Simonoff E, Taylor E, Baird G, Bernard S, Chadwick O, Liang H, et al. Randomized controlled double‐blind trial of optimal dose methylphenidate in children and adolescents with severe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and intellectual disability. J Child Psychol Psychiatr. 2013;54(5):527-35.

Feldman ME, Charach A, Bélanger SA. ADHD in children and youth: part 2- treatment. Paediatr Child Health. 2018;23(7):462-72.

Petra AI, Panagiotidou S, Hatziagelaki E, Stewart JM, Conti P, Theoharides TC. Gut-microbiota-brain axis and its effect on neuropsychiatric disorders with suspected immune dysregulation. Clin Therap. 2015;37(5):984-95.

Kim Y, Chang H. Correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sugar consumption, quality of diet, and dietary behavior in school children. Nutr Res Pract. 2011;5(3):236-45.

Bostock EC, Kirkby KC, Taylor BV. The current status of the ketogenic diet in psychiatry. Front Psychiatr. 2017;8:43.

Akaltun I, Tayfun KA, Cayir A, Ayaydin H. Is there a relation between type 1 diabetes mellitus and ADHD and severity of ADHD in children and adolescents? A case-control study. Osmangazi Tıp Dergisi. 2019.

Czaja-Bulsa G. Non coeliac gluten sensitivity a new disease with gluten intolerance. Clin Nutr. 2015;34(2):189-94.

Downloads

Published

2023-06-29

How to Cite

Khan, T. M., Akram, J., Zamir, Z., Rafay, A., Saher, S., Khalid, R., Munir, M. A., Mehmood, A., Tariq, R., & Khan, S. (2023). Impact of diet on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a tertiary care hospital of Rawalpindi. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(7), 2335–2338. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20232018

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles