A cross sectional study on prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors among bus drivers of Metropolitan Transport Corporation Limited, Chennai

Authors

  • Sasikaladevi S. Singaravel Department of Community Medicine, Government Villupuram Medical College, Villupuram, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Elayaraja K. Kandaswamy Department of Paediatrics, Government Villupuram Medical College, Villupuram, Tamil Nadu, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20231045

Keywords:

Hypertension, Risk factors, Bus drivers

Abstract

Background: The job of bus driving is not only risky due to probable accidents and incidents but also risky due to probable health risk factors associated with the nature of bus driving. Sedentary work was done by many professional drivers and they were found to be physically inactive during their leisure time which lead to an increase in risk for obesity and hypertension. Therefore, this study was done with the aim to detect the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among metropolitan transport corporation bus drivers.

Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among bus drivers of metropolitan transport corporation Limited, Chennai. The sample size obtained was 422. A multistage sampling method was used. A Validated semi-structured questionnaire containing questions on basic socio demographic particulars, lifestyle factors, past and family history and anthropometric and blood pressure measurement was done and was analyzed using SPSS 21.

Results: The prevalence of hypertension was found to be 49.5%. Smoking was found in 23.2% of the respondents, tobacco and betel nut chewing in 14.7% of the respondents and 45.5% were found to consume alcohol. It was found that as age increases the prevalence of hypertension also increases which was statistically significant (p=0.001).

Conclusions: This rampant disease can be prevented and managed through lifestyle modifications and medication therapy. The risk factors may be avoided by maintaining a regular physical activity, focussing on dynamic exercise, having medical checkups.

References

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Published

2023-04-12

How to Cite

Singaravel, S. S., & Kandaswamy, E. K. (2023). A cross sectional study on prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors among bus drivers of Metropolitan Transport Corporation Limited, Chennai. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(5), 1740–1744. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20231045

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Section

Original Research Articles