Association between socio-demographic factors and acceptance of family planning methods among scheduled caste women of Jorhat district, Assam

Authors

  • Anuradha Hazarika Medhi Department of Community Medicine, Jorhat Medical College and Hospital, Assam. India
  • Hiranya Saikia Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh. Assam, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20231694

Keywords:

Socio-demographic factors, Association, Family planning methods, Scheduled caste

Abstract

Background: In spite of the high knowledge, the rate of contraceptive methods use is not so satisfactory in India. The main objective of the health and family welfare programme is to reduce the knowledge, attitude and practice gap among the people of different societies, castes, religions and regions. The objective of the study is to find the association between socio-demographic factors and acceptance of family planning methods among the women belong to scheduled caste community which is one of the backward communities of India.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted among scheduled caste community of Jorhat district, Assam. 612 married women of reproductive age group were selected using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected by personal interview using pretested, predesigned proforma. Chi-square test was used to see the association and all the analysis were done using SPSS- version 23.

Results: 98.2% knew the family planning methods and 87.5% had positive attitude but only 65.3% practiced the methods. 58.3% women did not use the family planning methods because they want more children. The major source of information was mass media (76.8%) and majority of women (47.1%) used oral contraceptive pill (OCP) following by condom (21.6%). Most of the socio-demographic factors had significant association with the practice of family planning methods.

Conclusions: There is a need to understand the various factors which influence the practice of family planning methods so that the it would help in designing effective family planning programme.

References

Rumani Saikia Phukan; Overpopulation in India- Causes, Effects and How to Control it. Available at www. Rumani Saikia Phukan; Overpopulation in India- Causes, Effects and How to Control it. Published on: April 26, 2020, Accessed April 26, 2020.

Times of India, India times.com article show, 92796661, Available at: http://timesofindia. indiatimes.com/articleshow/92796661.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst. Accessed on 15 July 2022.

Economist-India will soon overtake China as the world’s most populus country. Available at: http://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2023/01/05/india-will-soon-overtake-china-as-the-worlds-most-populus-country. Accessed on 2nd March 2023.

Naik B. Raveendra, Family Planning Behavior of Schedule Caste Women: A Study of Jandla Harijanawada Village of Piler Mandal, Chittoor District. Indian Research Journal of Language, Literature and Humanities. 2014:1(2);4-7.

World Health Organization. Family Planning in Health Services: Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Geneva: WHO; 1971.

Shrivastava D, Chaudhry P. Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Planning of Parenthood amongst Rural Women of Central India, International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Inventions. 2015;2(12):1498-503.

Mao J. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning: A Study of Tezu Village, Manipur (India). The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology. 2006;1:1.

Das G. A study to assess the knowledge, attitude, practice and women empowerment on family planning and evaluate the effectiveness of self- instructional module related to family planning methods among scheduled caste women in selected rural communities Sonitpur district Assam. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/1063/267649. Accessed on 2nd March 2023.

Census in India, 2011. Available at www.Censusindia.gov.in. Accessed on 2nd March 2023.

NFHS-4, ASSAM :2015-16; Ministry of Health and Family Welfare ,Government of India: 2015, 16-4.

Census of India, 2011. Available at: http://www.censusindia.co.in/amp/subdistrict/jorhat Accessed on 2nd March 2023.

Dey A. Socio-demographic determinants and modern family planning usage pattern-an analysis of National Family Health Survey-IV data, International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2019;6(2):738-49.

Chakraborty Dr S. Problems and Challenges of Scheduled Caste Community of Dibrugarh Town with Special Reference to Their Educational and Economical Aspects, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention. 2016;(11):04-07.

Das B. Demographic Features of the Scheduled Castes in Assam: An Analytical Study. International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies (IJIMS). 2017:4(2):157-60.

Gupta V, Mohapatra D, Kumar V. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15-45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 2016;5:627-32.

Das G. Women empowerment on family planning among schedule caste women in selected rural communities Sonitpur district, Assam, International Journal of Advance Research in Community Health Nursing. 2020;2(2):04-08.

Bharali M D, Baruah R, Ojah J. Comparative Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices toward Contraception among Tribal and Non-Tribal Wives of Eligible Couples in a Rural Area of Assam. International Journal of Scientific Study, February 2016;3(11):84-9.

Rourke T. Association between socio-demographic factors and knowledge of contraceptive methods with contraceptive use among women of reproductive age: a cross-sectional study using the 2013 Liberia DHS. Available at: http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:826551. Accessed on January 2022.

Prachi R. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in Sikkim. The journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India. 2008:58:63-7.

Downloads

Published

2023-05-31

How to Cite

Medhi, A. H., & Saikia, H. (2023). Association between socio-demographic factors and acceptance of family planning methods among scheduled caste women of Jorhat district, Assam. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(6), 2144–2150. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20231694

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles