Nutritional knowledge of mothers, children’s food consumption, and stunting prevalence: a study of indigenous community in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar and Sinar Resmi, West Java, Indonesia
Keywords:Food Consumption, Indigenous Community, Nutrition Knowledge, Nutritional Status
Background: The indigenous community of Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar lives in villages that still hold the local traditions firmly. In contrast, the indigenous community of Kasepuhan of Sinar Resmi geographically live in more open villages, so they can easily interact with people from other villages. Culture contributes social values to food consumption and nutritional status.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on the two indigenous communities from January 2015 until June 2016. The study involved selecting samples using stratified random sampling. The total sample was as many as 200 households.
Results: The study found that 70.3% of mothers in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar and 48.6% in Kasepuhan of Sinar Resmi have low nutritional knowledge (score <60). The households living in both Kasepuhans had high dietary consumption diversity. However, a household in Ciptagelar had a higher dietary diversity score (6.4±1.4) than in Sinar Resmi (5.7±2.0) (p=0.032). The foods taboo for pregnant mothers were meatballs, Reundeu leaves, durian, pineapple, and Ambon banana. The foods taboo for children under five were meat, chicken feet, chicken tail, chicken liver, chicken gizzard, and seafish. The stunting prevalence of children in Ciptagelar was 44.3%, while Sukaresmi was 22.9%.
Conclusions: Based on those findings, the mother’s nutritional knowledge in Kasepuhan of Sinar Resmi was better than in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar. The diversity of household food consumption in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar was higher. However, there was a possibility that the nutritional intake of children in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar was lower. Consequently, the stunting prevalence was higher in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar than in the Kasepuhan of Sinar Resmi.
Nguyen PH, Strizich G, Lowe A, Nguyen H, Pham H, Truong T, Nguyen S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Food consumption patterns and associated factors among Vietnamese women of reproductive age. Nutrition Journal. 2013;12(1): 126.
Park SY, Suzanne PM, Lynne RW, Jennifer FY, Sangita S, Jean HH, Brian EH, Laurence NK. Dietary patterns using the food guidepyramid groups are associated with sociodemographic and lifestyle factors: the multiethnic cohort study. J Nutr. 2005;135(1):843-849.
Leyna GH, Mmnaga EJ, Mnyika KG, Hussain A, Klepp KI. Food insecurity is associated with food consumption patterns and anthropometric measures but not serum micronutrient levels in adults in rural Tanzania. Public Health Nutrition. 2010;13(9):1438-1444.
Damora. Pola Konsumsi Pangan Rumah Tangga Petani Hutan Kemasyarakatan di Kabupaten Lampung Barat (Dietary Patterns of the Community Forest Farmer Households in di Kabupaten Lampung Barat). IPB University: Bogor. 2013.
Khomsan A, Riyadi H, Marliyati SA, Jayanti LD. Sistem Pangan dan Gizi Masyarakat Kasepuhan Adat Ciptagelar di Jawa Barat (Food and Nutrition System in Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar West Java). IPB University: Bogor. 2014
BKKBN [Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional]. Menjadi Produktif di Usia Produktif. (Becoming Productive at Productive Ages). Indonesia: Direktorat Kerjasama Pendidikan Kependudukan BKKBN. 2013.
Ministry of Health of Indonesia. Indonesian Nutritional Status Survey. Indonesia: Institute of Health Research and Development. 2022.
Jayanti LD. Studi Aspek Sosial Ekonomi dan Budaya, Konsumsi Pangan, serta Densitas Gizi pada Masyarakat Kasepuhan of Ciptagelar Jawa Barat (A Study of Socio-Economy and Culture, Food Consumption, and Nutrition Density on the Ciptagelar Community, West Java). IPB University: Bogor. 2014.
Chen PJ, Antinelli M. Conceptual Models of Food Choice: Influential Factors Related to Foods, Individual Differences, and Society. 2020; 9(1): 1-21.
Chakona G, Shackleton C. Food Taboos and Cultural Beliefs Influence Food Choice and Dietary Preferences among Pregnant Women in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. 2019; 11(11): 1-18.
Gebregziabher H, Kahsay A, Berhe K, Gebremariam A. Food taboos and their perceived reasons among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2023; 23(116):1-10.
den Hartog AP, van Staveren WA, Brouwer ID. Food Habits and Consumption in Developing Countries: Manual for Field Studies. The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. 2006.
Crepinsek MK, Burstein NR. Maternal employment and children nutrition volume I, diet quality and the role of the CACFP. Electronic publication from the Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program. 2004.
Mbogori T, Murimi M. Effects of a nutrition education intervention on maternal nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and nutritional status among food insecure households in Kenya. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2019; 6(5):1831-1837.
Yabanci N, Kisac I, Karakus SS.The effects of mother’s nutritional knowledge on attitudes and behaviors of children about nutrition. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;116 (1): 4477-4481.
Agrawal AK, Saarswati S, Mahore R, Saraswar S, Kuity P, Tripathi A. Malnutrition prevailing trend study among under five children of urban slum area of Gwalior city Madhya Pradesh. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2021;8(2): 623-629.