Knowledge, attitude, and practice study of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Oman

Authors

  • Jabir Al Araimi School of Medicine, Taylor’s University, Lakeside Campus, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Anbu Clemensis Johnson NUIST Reading Academy, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
  • Mohammed Juma Al Araimi Department of Food Inspection and Monitoring, Muscat Municipality at Bousher, Sultanate of Oman

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20230908

Keywords:

MERS-CoV, Survey, Questionnaire, Muscat, SPSS

Abstract

Background: In the 21st century, there has been an increase in the spread of various diseases. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) disease is one of them. In order to contain and eradicate the spread of MERS-CoV, assessing public knowledge, attitude, and practice is important. This public study was conducted in the eleven governorates of Oman for its assessment.

Methods: A national level cross-sectional survey was conducted online for a period of nine days using a questionnaire that contained forty-one questions. The questions were designed to evaluate public perception and understanding of MERS-CoV disease. The acquired data were analysed using SPSS software.

Results: A total of 505 people participated in the survey. The majority of the participants were males from the Muscat region (46%). The ages of the participants were between <20 to 60 years. The survey revealed that 60% of the participants were unaware about the disease (p<0.001) and about 48% (p=0.003) of them were unsure about the symptoms of the disease. Most people had a positive attitude towards preventing the spread of the infection. Adherence to precautionary measures was higher among the female participants (69%, p=0.021). Primary information source for the public was through social media.

Conclusions: Overall, the surveyed population had a varied perspective about the disease and fair knowledge on the preventive measures. However, a large percentage of the participants were unclear about the epidemic situation and lacked knowledge on the disease, but showed a positive attitude towards curbing the spread of infection.

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Published

2023-03-29

How to Cite

Al Araimi, J., Johnson, A. C., & Al Araimi, M. J. (2023). Knowledge, attitude, and practice study of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Oman. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(4), 1328–1341. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20230908

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Section

Original Research Articles