Spousal violence among consanguineous marriage in India: a social-ecological analysis using nationally representative cross-sectional study


  • Jeetendra Yadav ICMR-NIMS, Anasari Nagar, New Delhi, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7666-4995
  • Savita Devi Raj Kamal Vihar, Hydle Colony Road, Sarojani Nagar, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Rajan Ram International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Opposite Sanjona Chamber, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Mahesh Nath Singh State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Anjali Saxena Department of Mathematical Sciences and Computer Application Bundelkhand University, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Gajraj Singh Department of Statistics, School of Sciences, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi, India
  • Dheeraj Kumar Ojha Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, New Delhi, India




Domestic, Violence, Social-ecology, Multilevel analysis, Consanguineous marriage


Background: Marriage is a second most event after birth. Wikipedia states consanguinity marriage as the property of being from the same kinship as another India is a socially and culturally diverse country, which is also reflected in considerable variation in the prevalence of IPV across regions. The aim of study to identify the prevalence and the factors influencing the spousal violence among consanguineous marriage in India.

Methods: The present study utilised the fourth wave of the National family health survey (2015-16), the Indian version of the demographic and health survey. Descriptive, bivariate with Chi-square tests and multivariable multilevel logistic regression analyses were done to determine the extent of association between spousal violence and various predicter variables.

Results: The study established the prevalence of spousal violence among consanguineous marriage were higher (33.0%) compared with spousal violence among non-consanguineous marriage (26.0%). Women those who get married with any blood relation experienced more physical violence (16.6%), emotional (27.7%), sexual (7.6%) compared with women those who get marriage with non-blood relation, physical violence (11.0%), emotional (22.4%), sexual (5.5%) respectively.

Conclusions: The finding is expected to contribute to formulating an appropriate policy to combat Spouse violence in consanguineous marriage among women at the national level of India. The study also showed a significant association between consanguinity and experience more emotional as compared to physical and sexual violence. The results argue for manipulating contextual factors to empower women to challenge gender-related equations and investing in education for gender sensitization at the higher-level social ecologies.


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How to Cite

Yadav, J., Devi, S., Ram, R., Singh, M. N., Saxena, A., Singh, G., & Ojha, D. K. (2023). Spousal violence among consanguineous marriage in India: a social-ecological analysis using nationally representative cross-sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(4), 1426–1437. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20230919



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