Social and micro-economic consequences of COVID-19 pandemic among urban slum population in Chandigarh- an analytical cross-sectional study
Keywords:Consequence, Micro-economic, Pandemic, Social
Background: Corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disproportionately affected marginalized communities because of the loss of livelihood and lack of food, shelter, health, and basic necessities. This study assessed the socio-demographic characteristics, social and micro-economic aspect of health determinants during COVID-19 pandemic among patients attending urban health training centre (UHTC) in Indira Colony, Chandigarh.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study conducted in urban health training centre, Indira colony. All patients aged ≥18 years attended UHTC OPD were recruited till the sample size (n=110) was achieved. By considering 95% level of significance, Kruskal Wallis test and McNemar test were applied to determine the association between different variables.
Results: The mean age of the participants were 40 years and nearly 40% belong to the age category less than 30 years. In pre-COVID-19, only 5% of the participants were found to have weaker relationship with family members, however, during COVID-19 pandemic this had increased to nearly 19%. The unemployment status in pre-COVID-19 and during COVID-19 pandemic was found to be 8% and 65% respectively, which is statistically significant.
Conclusions: The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected the social and micro-economic status of the people living in the slum area due to closure of major economic activities.
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