A study for correlation of demographic data, chief complaints and risk factors with periodontitis

Authors

  • Urjita Vinchurkar Department of Dentistry, GMC, Surat, Gujarat, India
  • Anvi G. Piludariya Department of Microbiology, GMC, Surat, Gujarat, India
  • Palak R. Modi Department of Microbiology, GMC, Surat, Gujarat, India
  • Yogita D. Mistry Department of Microbiology, GMC, Surat, Gujarat, India
  • Gunvant Parmar Department of Dentistry, GMC, Surat, Gujarat, India
  • Summaiya A. Mullan Department of Microbiology, GMC, Surat, Gujarat, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20230624

Keywords:

Periodontitis, Demographic data, Chief complaints

Abstract

Background: Periodontal disease, ever since the days of hippocrates has crippled the survival of human dentition. As a quiescent disease most of the time, periodontal disease presents mainly a chronic or asymptomatic chief complaint. In its most common form, periodontal disease generally is considered to be a painless process unless it reaches severe stages. For this reason, it often is overlooked by patients and dentists in early stages, especially when inflammation is not obvious. The aim of this study was to determine the most common chief complaints of chronic periodontitis patients to assess public awareness about this disease symptom, distribution of these chief complaints among males & females and their correlation with age and some of periodontal parameters.

Methods: The data of patients include chief complaint of the patients, age-sex, patient’s education level, systemic and oral health status, smoking, tobacco and gutka chewing habits were collected. The examiner also collected information related to the toothbrushing frequency of each patient.

Results: Total samples testing in the study were 100 (n=100). Out of which majority samples were female patients. Maximum samples were received from age group of 51-60 years. Major pre-disposing factor is Tobacco and Gutka Chewing. Majority of chief complaint was mobility of teeth.

Conclusions: 51 years to 60 years of age group with higher number of females and tobacco chewer have higher incidence of periodontitis with major chief complaint of mobility of teeth. These patients are brushing once in a day.

References

Grover V, Malhotra R, Kapoor A, Kaur G, Kaur RK, Jasjit KS. Chief complaints of patients seeking treatment for Periodontitis. Int Dent J Stud Res. 2017;5(1):19-24.

Manjunath BC, Praveen K, Chandrashekar BR, Rani RM, Bhalla A. Periodontal infections: a risk factor for various systemic diseases. Natl Med J India. 2011;24(4):214-9.

Brown LJ, Löe H. Prevalence, extent, severity and progression of periodontal disease. Periodontol. 1993;2:57-71.

Roshna T, Nandakumar K. Generalized aggressive periodontitis and its treatment options: case reports and review of the literature. Case Rep Med. 2012;2012:535321.

Brunsvold MA, Nair P, Oates TW. Chief complaints of patients seeking treatment for periodontitis. J Am Dent Assoc. 1999;130(3):359-64.

Soundarajan S, Malaippan S, Gajendran PL. Relationship between Chief Complaints and Severity of Periodontitis in Patients Seeking Periodontal Therapy: A Retrospective Study. World J Dent. 2020;11(5):396-401.

Tadjoedin F, Fitri AH. Effect of age on the periodontium. J Clin Periodontol. 1984;11(5):281-94.

Toker H, Ozdemir H. Gingival recession: epidemiology and risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey. Int J Dent Hyg. 2009;7(2):115-20.

Saravanan N, Thiruneervannan R, Christopher P. A study to assess the periodontal status of transgender in Chennai city. Biosci Biotech Res Asia. 2005;12:1673-8.

Bokhari SAH, Suhail AM, Malik AR, Imran MF. Periodontal disease status and associated risk factors in patients attending a dental teaching hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2015;19:678-82.

Akhimie EE, Oginni F, Oginni A. A study of tooth brushing pattern and its effects on dental tissues in Obafemi Awolowo University students. Nig Dental J. 2012;21:70-6.

Downloads

Published

2023-02-28

How to Cite

Vinchurkar, U., Piludariya, A. G., Modi, P. R., Mistry, Y. D., Parmar, G., & Mullan, S. A. (2023). A study for correlation of demographic data, chief complaints and risk factors with periodontitis. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(3), 1108–1111. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20230624

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles