An overview of pigmented lesions of the oral cavity


  • Dalal Mufadhi Alanazi Dental Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Badria Moashi Alanazi Dental Administration Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Hilalah Masoud Alanazi Dental Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Ghada Khairallah Al-Shahrani Dental Department, Directorate of Health Affairs, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Abeer Abdulhai Alanazi Dental Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Tamam Mohammed Alenazy Dental Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Amirah Hamoud Alruwaili Dental Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Reem Awwadh Almutairi Dental Department, Eastern Riyadh Dental Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Suad Murdhi Alanazi Dental Department, Al Yamamah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia



Oral pathology, Oral medicine, Pigmentation, Melanin, Diagnosis


It might be difficult to diagnose pigmented lesions of the mouth and perioral regions. Although several lesions may be correctly identified on the basis of clinical findings alone and while epidemiology may be helpful in guiding the clinician, the histological examination is typically necessary for the final diagnosis. Oral hyperpigmentation may present exogenously/ endogenously; pathologically/physiologically. The differential diagnosis depends on factors like medication usage, familial history in addition to the position, spread, and length as well as hue and pattern variations. Physiological pigmentation, melanotic macule, melanocytic nevus, smoker's melanosis, oral melanoacanthoma, pigmentation caused by foreign matter or medicines, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Addison's disease, and oral melanoma are examples of dark or black pigmented discolorations that can be unifocal, multifocal, or dispersed macular lesions.


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How to Cite

Alanazi, D. M., Alanazi, B. M., Alanazi, H. M., Al-Shahrani, G. K., Alanazi, A. A., Alenazy, T. M., Alruwaili, A. H., Almutairi, R. A., & Alanazi, S. M. (2022). An overview of pigmented lesions of the oral cavity. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(1), 336–341.



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