Dental care and challenges for children with Down syndrome

Authors

  • Faisal Abdullah Alyahya Pediatric Dentistry Department, West of Riyadh Dental Complex, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Ali Mohammed Alfareh Family Dental Medicine, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Riyadh Mohammed Albadr Family Dental Medicine, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Asaad Abdulhadi Al Jowher Dental Department, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Fahad Khaled Aljuaid Advanced Education in General Dentistry, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Yousef Saleh Almutairi Dental Department, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Hani Abdullah Bakrman Dental Department, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulmohsen Saad Jafel Dental Department, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Haifa Ahmed Alhamoud Dental Department, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Faraj Alsefri Specialized Dental Center, Dental Medical Complex in West Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20223266

Keywords:

Down syndrome, Special needs dentistry, Pediatric dentistry, Children

Abstract

Children who have Down syndrome, a common genetic defect, are among the special needs children who are more likely to have poor dental health. These oral health issues may be caused by a variety of causes, including variations in oral morphological characteristics, malocclusions, restricted salivary flow, caries-promoting foods and pharmaceuticals, bruxism, and immunologic elements. Noncooperative disposition during dental treatment combined with comorbidities, poor dental health, and predisposition to periodontopathies puts people with Down syndrome at an elevated risk for lasting poor dental outcomes including dental extraction and infectious diseases, and other costly restorative therapy under general anesthesia which may introduce more health risks due to comorbidities. Accessing dental care from a qualified practitioner is often challenging for children with Down syndrome. In addition to hampering the provision of professional dental care for this demographic, behavior problems also impede the incorporation of preventive dental care measures in the home. Acquiring a dentist who is capable and disposed to serving children with Down syndrome can be difficult. Administration of necessary medical services among medical professionals may be impacted by perceptions toward Down syndrome, a lack of awareness concerning disabilities, and a stereotypical view of children with Down syndrome. Dental professionals must make sure that patients with Down syndrome receive regular, cost-effective dental care and that they are ensured every opportunity to improve their oral health-related quality of life.

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Published

2022-12-29

How to Cite

Alyahya, F. A., Alfareh, A. M., Albadr, R. M., Jowher, A. A. A., Aljuaid, F. K., Almutairi, Y. S., Bakrman, H. A., Jafel, A. S., Alhamoud, H. A., & Alsefri, M. F. (2022). Dental care and challenges for children with Down syndrome. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(1), 326–330. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20223266

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Section

Review Articles