Awareness and attitude of domestic workers toward COVID-19 and vaccination: a cross-sectional study




Attitude, Awareness, Domestic worker, Vaccination


Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected millions of the people all over the world as it was declared as a global pandemic by World Health Organization. The present investigation was conducted in Gejha village of Gautam Buddha Nagar to study the awareness and knowledge level of the domestic workers about COVID-19 and its prevention through vaccination.

Methods: Total three hundred participants both male and female were selected for the study. A brief interview and group discussion were conducted with domestic workers and questionnaire was used during the study for analysis of their knowledge about COVID-19.

Results: The present study revealed that approximately 98% respondents were aware about the clinical symptoms of COVID-19 and 94% respondents accepted that washing hands, wearing face mask and social distancing are essential to protect against COVID-19. Approximately 98% domestic workers showed their hesitancy for vaccination. They have raised doubts on the efficacy of vaccines and its side effects on health.

Conclusions: To fight against pandemic, there is an urgent need of multidimensional approaches and coordinated efforts to address the misconceptions related with the safety and effectiveness of vaccines among the domestic workers.

Author Biography

Riti Thapar Kapoor, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, India

Amity Institute of Biotechnology
Amity University Uttar Pradesh


Mourya DT, Yadav PD, Ullas PT, Bhardwaj SD, Sahay RR, Chadha MS, et al. Emerging/re-emerging viral diseases and new viruses on the Indian horizon. Indian J Med Res. 2019;149:447-67.

Zhou P, Yang XL, Wang XG, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature. 2020;579:270-3.

Hager E, Odetokun IA, Bolarinwa O, Zainab A, Okechukwu O, Al-Mustapha AI, et al. Knowledge, attitude and perceptions towards the 2019 coronavirus pandemic: a bi-national survey in Africa. PLoS One. 2020;15(7):e0236918.

Tang D, Tou J, Wang J, Chen Q, Wang W, Huang J, et al. Prevention and control strategies for emergency, limited-term, and elective operations in pediatric surgery during the epidemic period of COVID-19. World J Pediatr Surg. 2020;3:e000122.

Michelle Teti ES. Methods in the time of COVID-19: the vital role of qualitative inquiries. Int J Qual Methods. 2020;19:1-5.

Lu H, Stratton C, Tang Y. Outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China: the mystery and the miracle. J Med Virol. 2020;92(4):401-2.

Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020;395:507-13.

Shereen MA, Khan S, Kazmi A, Bashir N, Siddique R. COVID-19 infection: emergence, transmission, and characteristics of human coronaviruses. J Adv Res. 2020;24:91-8.

Ssebuufu R, Sikakulya FK, Binezero SM, Wasingya L, Nganza SK, Ibrahim B, et al. Awareness, knowledge, attitude and practice towards measures for prevention of the spread of COVID-19 in the Ugandans: a nationwide online cross-sectional Survey. MedRxiv. 2020.

Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia. Plos One. 2020;15(5):e0233668.

Varshney M, Parel JT, Raizada N, Sarin SK. Initial psychological impact of COVID-19 and its correlates in Indian Community: An online (FEEL-COVID) survey. PloS One. 2020;15(5):e0233874.

Ranjan R, Sharma A, Verma MK. Characterization of the second wave of COVID-19 in India. Curr Sci. 2021;121(1):85-93.

Leonardo Alves T, Martins de Freitas AF, Van Eijk ME, Mantel-Teeuwisse AK. Compliance of disease awareness campaigns in printed Dutch media with national and international regulatory guidelines. PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e106599..

Osborn J, Priya KK, Satheesh T, Ramalingam S. Knowledge, attitude and practice of COVID 19 and the factors influencing them among a rural population in South India. Indian J Community Health. 2021;33(1):193-7.

Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith L, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet. 2020;395(10227):912-20.

Chirwa GC. “Who knows more, and why?” Explaining socio-economic related inequality in knowledge about HIV in Malawi. Scient Afr. 2020;7:e00213.

MacDonald NE. SAGE Working group on vaccine hesitancy. vaccine hesitancy: definition, scope and determinants. Vaccine. 2015;33:4161-4.

Lane S, MacDonald NE, Marti M, Dumolard L. Vaccine hesitancy around the globe: analysis of three years of WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form data 2015-2017. Vaccine. 2018;36:3861-7.

Enserink M, Cohen J. Fact-checking Judy Mikovits, the controversial virologist attacking Anthony Fauci in a viral conspiracy video. Science. 2020;8.

Finset A, Bosworth H, Butow P, Gulbrandsen P, Hulsman RL, Pieterse AH, et al. Effective health communication- a key factor in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. Patient Educ Couns. 2020;103(5):873-6.




How to Cite

Kapoor, R. T. (2022). Awareness and attitude of domestic workers toward COVID-19 and vaccination: a cross-sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(1), 264–269.



Original Research Articles