A study on over-the-counter drug use in community pharmacies


  • M. Kumaraswamy Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B. G Nagara, Karnataka, India http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7401-5606
  • Jithin . Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B. G Nagara, Karnataka, India
  • Haritha K. Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B. G Nagara, Karnataka, India
  • Jithin T. John Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B. G Nagara, Karnataka, India




OTC drugs, Community pharmacy, Rational drug usage


Background: The usage of over-the-counter (OTC) medications has steadily increased in recent years. Improper use of OTC medications might result in health and other drug-related issues. Easy access to OTC medications has become a more critical concern in developing countries. Objective of the study was to assess the OTC drugs dispensed in community pharmacies.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in selected community pharmacies. To evaluate the OTC drugs dispensed; 700 participants were polled using questionnaires through a validated data collection form, and a patient interview respectively. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were performed using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) (version 20). The Chi-square test was used to test for significant differences between groups (p<0.05).

Results: A total of 700 patients were recruited for the study to assess the use of OTC drugs. Analgesics/NSAIDs are the most often used OTC medications, accounting for (30.4%), followed by antacids (15.7%). The primary sources of information to purchase OTC medications were taken from community phapharmacists1.6%). Recurrence of minor ailments (68%) is the major influencing factor for OTC drug purchase, whereas (80.9%) agree that OTC medication is cheaper and more convenient.

Conclusions: As per the findings of the study; OTC medication dispensing is prominent, and there is a need for awareness programs to ensure rational drug usage.


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How to Cite

Kumaraswamy, M., ., J., K., H., & John, J. T. (2022). A study on over-the-counter drug use in community pharmacies. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(12), 4648–4654. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20223227



Original Research Articles