Prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among bank employees in Chidambaram: a cross sectional study
Keywords:Bank employees, Chidambaram, Hypertension, Risk factors
Background: The job nature of a bank employee is both sedentary and stressful. High level of mental stress places them at a higher risk of developing non communicable diseases like diabetes and hypertension. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among bank employees.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 265 bank employees using a semi structured questionnaire. Risk factors like extra salt intake, lifestyle factors like smoking, alcohol, physical activity were taken into account.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 36.93±8.657. The prevalence of hypertension was found to be 19.5% (52) out of which 5.2% (14) were known cases of hypertension. A significant association was found between extra salt intake, smoking, alcohol and hypertension.
Conclusions: The prevalence of hypertension among bank employees in Chidambaram is low compared to the studies among bank employees in other parts of the country. Extra salt intake, smoking, alcohol and stress levels were found to be the significant factors associated with hypertension.
Anchala R, Kannuri NK, Pant H, Khan H, Franco OH, Di Angelantonio E, et al. Hypertension in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension. J Hypertens. 2014;32(6):1170-7.
WHO Results Report 2018-2019-Driving impact in every country. Available at: https://www.who. int/about/accountability/results/2018-2019. Accessed on 21 September 2022.
Kumar SG, Sundaram ND. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension among Bank Employees in Urban Puducherry, India. Int J Occup Environ Med. 2014;5(2):7.
Dejenie M, Kerie S, Reba K. Undiagnosed hypertension and associated factors among bank workers in Bahir Dar City, Northwest, Ethiopia, 2020. A cross-sectional study. Plos one. 2021;16(5):e0252298.
Shekhar S, Holambe VMM, Bansode JD, Edake SS. Hypertension prevalence and associated risk factors among bank employees working in an urban area of Marathwada region, Maharashtra, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2019;7(1):208.
Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet. 2005;365:7.
Undhad AM, Bharodiya PJ, Sonani RP. Correlates of hypertension among the bank employees of Surat city of Gujarat. Semantic scholar. 2011;2(1):3.
Brahmankar TR, Prabhu PM. Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among the bank employees of Western Maharashtra-a cross sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(4):1267.
Zhou B, Carrillo-Larco RM, Danaei G, Riley LM, Paciorek CJ, Stevens GA, et al. Worldwide trends in hypertension prevalence and progress in treatment and control from 1990 to 2019: a pooled analysis of 1201 population-representative studies with 104 million participants. The Lancet 2021;398(10304):957-80.
Momin M, Kavishwar A, Desai V. Study of socio-demographic factors affecting prevalence of hypertension among bank employees of Surat City. Indian J Public Health. 2012;56(1):44.