Prevalence of tobacco dependence among rural population of Mysuru District


  • Poorvitha H. P. School of Public Health, JSS Medical College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
  • Sunil Kumar D. Department of community Medicine, JSS Medical College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
  • Dodda Basava J. School of Public Health, JSS Medical College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India



Tobacco dependence, Rural areas, Rural population, Socio-economic status


Background: Tobacco is generally a leaf with 1-3% of the alkaloid nicotine Consuming it becomes so dangerous that it is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Tobacco risks include heart attack, gum disease and pre-cancerous mouth lesions etc. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the prevalence of Tobacco dependence and factors that contribute to tobacco dependence among rural populations. Objectives of current study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco dependence and to assess the factors influencing Tobacco dependence among rural population.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was carried out in rural areas of Nanjangud taluk for 6months from January 2022 to June 2022. Multistage sampling Technique was adopted to select the study subcentre is selected randomly by lottery method, PPS sampling technique will be applied to select the required number of participants from the villages in the selected subcentre. Sample size is 362 individuals aged above 18years who comes under ICD10 criteria were included in the study. The data were gathered using the pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire by interview method, and the FRAGESTROM test to assess dependence on nicotine SPSS version 25 was used for analysis.

Results: The overall prevalence of Tobacco dependence among rural population of Nanjangud taluk is 62.40%. We found that tobacco dependence was significantly associated with gender, age group, occupation education, and socioeconomic status and there is no significant association between caste and Tobacco dependence.

Conclusions: The present study concludes that the prevalence of tobacco dependence is high in a rural population. More tobacco free initiatives to be implemented.


Kaleta D, Kozieł A, Miśkiewicz P. MPOWER--strategy for fighting the global tobacco epidemic. Medycyna Pracy. 2009;60(2):145–9.

Verma M, Kathirvel S, Das M, Aggarwal R, Goel S. Trends and patterns of second-hand smoke exposure amongst the non-smokers in India-A secondary data analysis from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) I & II. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(6):25-9.

Tobacco Products. Available at: tobacco/basic_information/tobacco_industry/index.htm. Accessed on 20 November 2022.

Chen DT, Girvalaki C, Mechili EA, Millett C, Filippidis FT. Global patterns and prevalence of dual and poly-tobacco use: a systematic review. Nicotine Tobacco Res. 2021;23(11):1816-20.

Hitsman B, Moss TG, Montoya ID, George TP. Treatment of tobacco dependence in mental health and addictive disorders. Canad J Psychiatr. 2009;54(6): 368-78.

Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P. Tobacco use in India: prevalence and predictors of smoking and munching in a national cross sectional household survey. Tobacco Cont. 2003;12:e4.

Tobacco Fact Sheet. Available at: https://www.who. int/india/healthtopics/tobacco. Accessed on 20 November 2022.

Viladrich C, Medición DE, Validez FY. Heavy smoking index. Nicotine Tobacco Res. 2020;21(5): 543-9.

Pérez-Ríos M, Santiago-Pérez MI, Alonso B, Malvar A, Hervada X, de Leon J. Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence vs heavy smoking index in a general population survey. BMC Public Health. 2009;9(1):1-5.

Global adult tobacco survey. Available at: Accessed on 20 November 2022.

Berg CJ, Ajay VS, Ali MK, Kondal D, Khan HM, Shivashankar R, et al. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and correlates of tobacco Use in Chennai, Delhi, and Karachi: Data from the CARRS study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:483.

National Family Health Survey 4-, 2015-2016. Available at: India.pdf. Accessed on 20 November 2022.

Sreeramareddy CT, Suri S, Menezes RG, Kumar HN, Rahman M, Islam MR, et al. Self-reported tobacco smoking practices among medical students and their perceptions towards training about tobacco smoking in medical curricula: A cross-sectional, questionnaire survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Sub Abuse Treat Prevent Policy. 2010; 5(1):1-9.

Hosseinpoor AR, Parker LA, Tursan d’Espaignet E, Chatterji S. Social determinants of smoking in low- and middle-income countries: Results from the world health survey. Plos One. 2011;6:e20331.

Narayan KM, Chadha SL, Hanson RL, Tandon R, Shekhawat S, Fernandes RJ, et al. Prevalence and patterns of smoking in Delhi: Cross sectional study. BMJ. 1996;312:1576-9.

Islam MS, Saif-Ur-Rahman KM, Bulbul M, Islam M, Singh D. Prevalence and factors associated with tobacco use among men in India: findings from a nationally representative data. Environ Health Prevent Med. 2020;25(1):1-4.

Sharma D, Goel S, Lal P. Education differential in relation to tobacco use and its predictors across different regions of India. Indian J Cancer. 2017;54(3): 584.

Singh A, Sahoo N. Urban-rural differentials in the factors associated with exposure to second-hand smoke in India. BMJ. 2013;3:e003542.

Sein AA, Than-Htike MM, Sinha DN, Kyaing NN. Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke among adults in Myanmar. Indian J Cancer. 2012;49:410-8.

Palipudi KM, Sinha DN, Choudhury S, Mustafa Z, Andes L, Asma S, et al. Exposure to tobacco smoke among adults in Bangladesh. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55:210-9.

Leavens EL, Stevens EM, Brett EI, Hébert ET, Villanti AC, Pearson JL, Wagener TL. JUUL electronic cigarette use patterns, other tobacco product use, and reasons for use among ever users: results from a convenience sample. Addict Behav. 2019;95:178-83.




How to Cite

H. P., P., Kumar D., S., & Basava J., D. (2023). Prevalence of tobacco dependence among rural population of Mysuru District. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 10(2), 666–671.



Original Research Articles