Community based medical education in medical curriculum
Keywords:Community, Medical education, Skills
Community-based education (CBE) is now recognized as an important addition to the methods available in medical education, because the skills of graduates are needed in the community more than in the tertiary hospital. The purpose of the current review was to explore the importance of the community based medical education in present competency based medical education. A total of 24 articles similar to the current study objectives were identified initially, of which 4 were excluded due to the unavailability of the complete version of the articles. Overall, 14 articles were selected based on the suitability with the current review objectives and analyzed. Keywords used in the search include community based medical education and community oriented medical education. The collected information is presented under the following subheadings, namely reasons for medical institutions involved in community based medical education, taxonomy of CBE, challenges in the implementation of community based medical education, steps for implementation the community based medical education, benefit to students. Taxonomy of community based medical education divided into three categories, primarily service-oriented research oriented and training focused. When implementing the community based medical education so many challenges faced some of the challenges are transport problem, no cooperation among the community leaders and no interested among the students. In CBME students an opportunity to learn and work with other health professionals in, for instance, primary care units. Faculties have responsibility to move the medical education settings from hospital to community based medical education.
A Taxonomy of Community-based Medical Education: Mohi Eldin, Magzoub, Henk G. Schmidt. Acad Med. 2000;75:699-707.
Hamad B. What is community-based education? Evolution, definition and rationale. Ch. 1. In: Schmidt H. editors. Handbook of community-based education: theory and practice. Maastricht, the Netherlands: Network: TUFH Publication. 2000.
Mudey A. Assessment of perception amongst faculties involved in an innovative community health care program (chcp) in adopted village of Wardha district. Innov J Med Health Sci. 2013;3(5):215e-8.
Hamad B. Establishing community-orientated medical schools: key issues and steps in early planning. Med Educ. 1999;33(5):382e-9.
University of Connecticut Health Center. Community based education. Available at: http://cbe.uchc.edu/index.html. Accessed on 25, October, 2022.
Diab P, Flack P. Benefits of community-based education to the community in South African health science facilities. Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med. 2013;5(1):6.
Erney SL, Allen DL, Siska KF. Effect of a year-long primary care clerkship on graduate selection of family practice residencies. Acad Med. 1991;55:234-6.
Harris DL, Coleman M, Mallea M. Impact of participation in a family practice track program on student career development. J Med Educ. 1982;57:698-714.
Magnus JH, Tollan A. Institute of Clinical Medicine, rural doctor recruitment: does medical education in rural districts recruit doctors to rural areas? Med Educ. 1993;27:250-3.
Starfield B. Primary care and health. JAMA. 1991;226:2268-71.
Abdelrahim IM, Mustafa AE, Ahmed BO. Performance evaluation of graduates from a community-based curriculum: the houseman ship period at Gezira. Med Educ. 1992;26:233-40.
Neufeld VR. Community-based medical education: some recent initiatives towards making medical education more responsive to national health priorities. Ann Community-Oriented Education. 1989;2:65-84.
Bhattachaji S, John SM. Community- Oriented Medical Education. Bhuiyan PS, Rege NN, Supe A- The Art of Teaching Medical Students. 3rd Edition. New Delhi. Elsevier. 2021;389-97.
Mennin S, Petroni-Mennin R. Community-based medical education. The Clin Teacher. 2006;3:90-6.