Identification and management of seizures in children


  • Mohammed Khalid Harasani Department of Pediatrics, Al Aziziyah Children Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Wael Khulaif Alanazi College of Medicine, Northern Border University, Ar’ar, Saudi Arabia
  • Hanan Saleh Aloqbi Department of Pediatrics, Heraa General Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Maiar Najeeb Hijazi Department of Pediatrics, Heraa General Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Shahad Khaled Alrashed Endocrine and Diabetes Center, Al Iman General Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Nouf Nasser Albalawi Department of Pediatric Emergency, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Awad Saeed Alharbi Primary Healthcare, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
  • Randa Mohammed Alsibyani College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulaziz Abdullah Alharbi Department of Pediatrics, Heraa General Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Bader Abdulaziz Alqahtani College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Ghadeer Ali Alaliwat Department of Pediatrics Emergency, Maternity and Children Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia



Seizures, Epilepsy, Pediatrics, Children, Diagnosis, Identification, Management


Estimates from epidemiological studies indicate the high global prevalence of seizures in children. They can be associated with different complications that might even be life-threatening. Different risk factors have been reported to increase the risk and severity of seizures, like metabolic disorders, infections, and reduced access to needed care. Therefore, providing appropriate management is essential to enhance the prognosis of these cases. In the present article, we conducted a literature review to shed more light on identifying, diagnosing, and managing seizures in children. The identification process depends on different factors, including obtaining an adequate history from the patient or their caregivers, performing a thorough general and neurological examination, and conducting appropriate investigations whenever needed. It should be noted that in severe cases, these approaches should be made promptly not to delay the management approaches, which can be life-saving. Reassuring family attendants is also recommended. Besides, increasing awareness among these families about the diagnosis, identification, prognosis, reporting, and responding to seizures might reduce the risk of recurrence and enhance the prognosis of seizures. Choosing a treatment strategy is usually based on different factors, including the child's age, epilepsy type, family preferences, the presence of comorbidities, and ability to administer medications. For recurrent seizures, home-based medications, like rectal diazepam or buccal midazolam, might also be used to lower the risk of recurrence and reduce the intensity of seizures.


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How to Cite

Harasani, M. K., Alanazi, W. K., Aloqbi, H. S., Hijazi, M. N., Alrashed, S. K., Albalawi, N. N., Alharbi, A. S., Alsibyani, R. M., Alharbi, A. A., Alqahtani, B. A., & Alaliwat, G. A. (2022). Identification and management of seizures in children. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(11), 4235–4240.



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