Water quality and burden of jaundice with drinking water sources: a study from Haryana, India

Authors

  • Naresh Kumar Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Sayan Sarkar Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3999-3110
  • Govind Mawari Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Mradul Kumar Daga Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7774-7602
  • Swati Shree Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Ujala Pathak Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Nishant Garg Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Mongjam Meghachandra Singh Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Tushar Kant Joshi Department of Occupational and Environment Health, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20223215

Keywords:

Drinking water, Jaundice, Total dissolved solids, Water quality

Abstract

Background: Both anthropogenic and natural processes contribute to the contamination of freshwater sources. In developing countries like India, contaminated drinking water is a source of many diseases. Among anthropogenic factors, industries are an important contributing factor to water pollution. Hence, it is important to analyse water quality and investigate the prevalence of jaundice with different drinking water sources.

Methods: A cross-sectional health survey was conducted in Faridabad. A total of 688 people were randomly selected using convenient sampling, with consumers from all four types of water sources i.e., surface, hand pump, wells, and municipal water. Water samples were analysed for various physio-chemical parameters to understand water quality. The impact of this water pollution on the health of candidates was assessed using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire. The outcome variables like jaundice were considered to see if an association with the drinking water source was present.

Results: Most of the water parameters were within acceptable ranges set by WHO except total dissolved solids (TDS). Majority of subjects who reported jaundice were consuming water from municipal source. Jaundice was found to be statistically significant with p<0.05.

Conclusions: The results show that there is significant water pollution present in Faridabad. The possible explanation for the high prevalence of symptoms among those using municipal water is likely because of contamination with sewage lines. This may be the result of old, rusted pipelines lying close to sewer lines. This calls for an urgent intervention by the authorities.

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Published

2022-11-28

How to Cite

Kumar, N., Sarkar, S., Mawari, G., Daga, M. K., Shree, S., Pathak, U., Garg, N., Singh, M. M., & Joshi, T. K. (2022). Water quality and burden of jaundice with drinking water sources: a study from Haryana, India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(12), 4566–4570. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20223215

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Original Research Articles