DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20222910
Published: 2022-10-29

Oral hygiene awareness among the adult rural population of district Rewari: a cross-sectional study

Anjali ., Preeti Yadav, Pooja Yadav

Abstract


Background: Aim of the study is to assess the awareness regarding general oral hygiene practices amongst the adult rural population of district Rewari, with the objective to collect the baseline data about the level of awareness regarding oral hygiene amongst the adult rural population of district Rewari, Haryana and help policymakers implement new programs to improve the general health of individuals.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Rewari district in November 2021. 600 participants were interviewed, data were analyzed using a statistical package for the social science (SPSS) version 21.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). The frequency distribution tables were prepared to present overall and subgroups data. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-square test. If the expected frequency is less than 5, Fisher’s exact test was used. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: There were 52.8% females and 47.2% of males who were interviewed, 97.3% of participants clean their oral cavity. Around 76.1% of population uses brush and 12.1% of participants uses datun. Majority of participants recognized the fact that oral health is important for general health.

Conclusions: Even in the year 2022, there is still lack in appropriate oral health awareness even among the educated group of the society. therefore, new programs should be implemented like camps and health talks to improve oral health of an individual in rural areas of the developing countries to educate and spread knowledge of proper dental care.

 


Keywords


Brushing technique, Health, Oral cavity, Hygiene, Rural population

Full Text:

PDF

References


Shrivastava R, Power F, Tanwir F, Feine J, Emami E. University-based initiatives towards better access to oral health care for rural and remote populations: A scoping review. PLoS One. 2019;14:1-23.

Census of India. Rural Urban Distribution of Population India. 2011;1:1-40. Available at: https://censusindia.gov.in/nada/index.php/catalog/42617. Accessed on 24 May 2022.

Salunke S, Shah V, Ostbye T, Gandhi A, Phalgune D, Ogundare MO, Sable V, et al. Prevalence of dental caries, oral health awareness and treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population in rural Maharashtra. Indian J Dent Res. 2019;30:332-6.

Bersell CH. Access to Oral Health Care: A National Crisis and Call for Reform. J Dent Hyg. 2017;91:6-14.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Mouradian WE, Brunso DK, et al. The challenge to delivering oral health services in rural. Am J Public Health Dentistry. 2010;70:49-57.

Ndiaye C. Oral health in the African region: Progress and perspectives of the regional strategy. Afr J Oral Health. 2005;2:2-9.

Bala K, Gupta R, Ara A, Sahni B. A KAP study of oral health status among adults in a rural area of Jammu District. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2019;6:1-7.

Haque HZ, Pal D, Sadhukhan SK, Das S. A cross-sectional study on oral hygiene among Santhal tribal adults in a rural area of West Bengal. J Family Med Prim Care. 2021;10:2859-64.

Majumder J, Biswas S, Gangopadhyay S. A Cross Sectional Study On Existence Of Oral Hygiene Practice In Rural And Semi Urban Population of East Midnapore District of West Bengal. Int J Scientific Technol Res. 2020;9:382-5.

Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003. Continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century – the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Available at: https://www.who.int/oral_health/media/en/orh_report03_en.pdf. Accessed on 24 May 2022.

Gulzaib, Hussain P, Anjum QA, Iqbal Z, Oral hygiene awareness among the patients visiting the dental centers of a rural area of the province Punjab, Pakistan. Biomedica. 2017;33:20-4.

Chen MY. Misperception of Oral Health among Adults in Rural Areas: A Fundamental but Neglected Issue in Primary Healthcare. Int J Env Res Public Health. 2018;15:1-10.

Halm MA, Armola R. Effect of oral care on bacterial colonization and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Am J Crit Care. 2009;18(3):275-8.

Li X, Kolltveit KM, Tronstad L, Olsen I. Systemic diseases caused by oral infection. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2000;13(4):547-58.

Raval AJ, Shaikh SK. A Survey about Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Oral Health among the Students of Faculty of Medicine, Medical College, Vadodara – A Comparative Study. J Dent Res Rev. 2021;8:6-39.

Gurenlian JR. Inflammation: the relationship between oral health and systemic disease. Dent Assist. 2009;78(2):8-10.

Rathod R, Parikh J. Oral Hygiene Practices and Oral Health Status in Rural India. Bhavnagar University's J Dentistry. 2016;6:7-10.

Singh SV, Akbar Z, Tripathi A, Chandra S, Tripathi A. Dental myths, oral hygiene methods and nicotine habits in an ageing rural population: An Indian study. Indian J Dent Res. 2013;24:242-4.

Kamath A, Bijle, Walimbe H, Patil V. Oral hygiene awareness among school children of rural Mangalore. J Dent Res Rev. 2014;1:7-9.

Daya D, Teja U, Paturu DB, Reddy BV, Nagarakanti S, Chava VK, et al. Evaluation of oral-hygiene awareness and practice among dental students. J NTR Univ Health Sci. 2017;6:24-8.

Zhu L, Petersen PE, Wang HY, Bian JY, Zhang BX. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adults in China. Int Dent J. 2005;55(4):231-41.

Ng E, Lim LP. An Overview of Different Interdental Cleaning Aids and Their Effectiveness. Dent J (Basel). 2019;7(2):56.

Schnabl D, Wiesmüller V, Hönlinger V, Wimmer S, Bruckmoser E, Kapferer-Seebacher I et al. Cleansing efficacy of an auto-cleaning electronic toothbrushing device: a randomized-controlled crossover pilot study. Clin Oral Investig, 2021;25:247-53.

Rahman FBA. A Questionnaire Study on Oral Hygiene Among Dental Students in Chennai, India. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2016;15:58-64.

Kote S, M Dadu, Sowmya AR, Aruna DS, Arora D. Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour for Choosing Oral Hygiene Aids among Students of Management Institutes, Ghaziabad, India. West Indian Med J. 2013;62:756-63.

Ahmad MS, Al-Mamun A, Islam S, Siddik M, Rahman Z, Asaduzzaman HM, et al. Oral hygiene practice and oral health status of geriatric population in selected area of Rangpur, Bangladesh. KYAMC J. 2018;9:48-52.

Census 2011. Population Census 2011. Available at: https://www.census2011.co.in/#. Accessed on 24 May 2022.

Varenne B, Petersen PE, Ouattara S. Oral health behaviour of children and adults in urban and rural areas of Burkina Faso, Africa. Int Dent J. 2006;56:61-70.

Bala K, Gupta R, Ara A, Sahni B. A KAP study of oral health status among adults in a rural area of Jammu District. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2019;6:1-7.

Singh A, Gambhir RS, Singh S, Kapoor V, Singh J. Oral health: How much do you know? - A study on knowledge, attitude and practices of patients visiting a North Indian dental school. Eur J Dent. 2014;8:63-7.